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weigh 添加到生词本

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vt.称...重量,称 vi.重(若干)

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weigh为小学词汇   词频:3258

词形变化:

名词:weigher 动词过去式:weighed 过去分词:weighed 现在分词:weighing 第三人称单数:weighs

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weigh


/weɪ; we/
v
1 [Tn] measure how heavy (sth) is by means of scales, a balance, etc 称(某物)的重量
*He weighed himself on the bathroom scales. 他在浴室的磅秤上称体重.
* The load must be weighed before it is put in the washing-machine. 要洗的衣物须称过重量再放入洗衣机中.
* He weighed the stone in his hand, ie estimated how heavy it was by holding it. 他用手掂了掂这块石头的重量.
2 [Ln] show a certain measure when put on scales, etc 测出重量
*She weighs
60 kilos. 她体重为60公斤.
* How much do you weigh? ie How heavy are you? 你体重多少?
* This piece of meat weighs four pounds. 这 块肉重四磅.
3 (a) [Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth (with/against sth) consider carefully the relative value or importance of sth 仔细考虑某事物的相对价值或重要性等; 权衡; 斟酌
*weigh one plan against another 比较一计画与另一计画的优劣
* weighing the pros and cons 权衡正反两方面的意见
* weigh the advantages of the operation against the risks involved 仔细考虑做这种手术的好处与危险.
(b) [Tn, Tn.p] ~ sth (up) consider sth carefully 仔细考虑某事物
*weigh (up) the consequences of an action慎重考虑一行动的後果
* weigh up one's chances of success琢磨成功的可能性.
4 [Ipr] ~ (with sb) (against sb/sth) be considered important (by sb) when sb/sth is being judged (评定某人[某事物]时)被(某人)认为重要
*His criminal record weighed heavily against him (with the jury). (陪审团)认为他的前科关系重大.
* Her past achievements weighed in her favour as a candidate. 她已往的成就对她这个候选人很有利.
5 (idm 习语) weigh `anchor raise the anchor of a ship at the start of a voyage, etc 起锚. weigh the `evidence consider the relative value of the evidence for and against sb/sth 考虑一证据对某人[某事物]的相对价值. weigh a `ton (infml 口) be very heavy 非常沉重
*These cases weigh a ton what have you got in them? 这些箱子非常重--你在里面放了什么了? weigh one's `words choose carefully words that express exactly what one means 斟酌词句; 推敲
*I must weigh my words to avoid any misunderstanding. 我须字斟句酌免生误解.
6 (phr v)weigh sb down make sb feel anxious or depressed 使某人感到忧虑或沮丧
*weighed down by worry and overwork 因焦虑和过度劳累而情绪低落
* The responsibilities of the job are weighing her down. 她工作责任很重把她压得无精打采. weigh sb/sth down make sb/sth bend or sag 将某人[某物]压弯或压下
*The porter was weighed down by all the luggage. 搬运工扛着这些行李压得直不起腰来.
* The branches were weighed down with ripe apples. 苹果成熟了把树枝都压弯了. weigh in (at sth) (of a jockey, boxer, etc) be weighed before a race, boxing match, etc (指骑手、拳击手等)赛前测体重
*He weighed in at several pounds below the limit. 他赛前量体重比规定限度少几磅. weigh in (with sth) (infml 口) join in a discussion, an argument, etc by saying sth important or convincing; contribute confidently (在讨论、辩论等时)提出重要的或令人信服的意见; 自信地提出看法
*At that point, the chairman weighed in with a strong defence of company policy. 这时, 主席发言有理有据地维护了公司的政策. weigh on sb/sth make (sb/sb's mind, etc) anxious 使(某人[某人的精神]等)忧虑
*The responsibilities weigh (heavily) on him. 他责任重大感到心情沉重.
* It's been weighing on my mind for days whether to tell her or not. 我这几天心烦意乱, 不知道应该不应告诉她. weigh sth out measure a quantity of sth by weight 称出指定重量的某物
*weigh out a kilo of tomatoes 称出一公斤西红柿
* Weigh out all the ingredients before you start making the cake. 在动手做蛋糕之前先要把配料都量好.

weigh


v
1【be a particular weight】
2【measure weight】
3【consider/compare】
4【influence】
5 weigh your words
6 weigh anchor
Phrasal verbs
 weigh somebody⇔down
 weigh in
 weigh on somebody/something
 weigh something⇔out
 weigh somebody/something⇔up
[Language: Old English; Origin: wegan 'to move, carry, weigh']
【BE A PARTICULAR WEIGHT】 [linking verb]
to have a particular weight
 The young birds weigh only a few grams.
 Do you know how much it weighs ?
  What (=how much) do you weigh ?
 The box was full of books and weighed a ton (=was very heavy) .
【MEASURE WEIGHT】 [T]
to use a machine to discover how much something or someone weighs
 He weighed some potatoes on the scales.
weigh yourself
 Have you weighed yourself lately?
【CONSIDER/COMPARE】 also weigh up [T]
to consider something carefully so that you can make a decision about it
 It is my job to weigh the evidence.
weigh sth against sth
 We have to weigh the benefits of the scheme against the costs.
【INFLUENCE】 [I always + adverb/preposition] formal
to influence someone's opinion and the decision that they make
weigh against
 This unfortunate experience will weigh heavily against further investment in the area.
weigh in sb/sth's favour
 These facts will weigh in your favour.
weigh with
 Her evidence weighed strongly with the judge.
weigh your words
to think very carefully about what you say because you do not want to say the wrong thing
 He was weighing his words carefully.
weigh anchor
to raise an anchor and sail away
weigh down [weigh sb⇔down] phr v
if something weighs you down, it is heavy and difficult to carry
be weighed down with sth
 Sally was weighed down with shopping bags.
if a problem weighs you down, it makes you feel worried and upset
be weighed down by/with sth
 He felt weighed down by his responsibilities.
 a family weighed down with grief
weigh in phr v
to have your weight measured before taking part in a competition
weigh in at
 Higgins weighed in at just over 100 kilos.
weigh-in
informal to join in an argument or fight
weigh in with
 The chairman then weighed in with his views.
weigh on / [weigh on sb/sth] phr v
to make someone feel worried and upset
 The desire for peace will weigh heavily on the negotiators.
 I'm sure there's something weighing on his mind .
 The burden of responsibility weighed heavily on his shoulders .
weigh out [weigh sth⇔out] phr v
to measure an amount of something by weighing it
 She weighed out half a kilo of rice.
weigh up [weigh sb/sth⇔up] phr v
to consider something carefully so that you can make a decision about it
 We're still weighing up the pros and cons (=the advantages and disadvantages) of the two options.
to watch someone and listen to them carefully so that you can form an opinion about what they are like
 I could see that he was weighing me up.
1. Two factors weigh heavily against the effectiveness of scientific research in industry.
    有两个因素严重地不利于工业中的科研效果.

2. Two factors weigh heavily against the effectiveness of scientific research in industry.
    有两个因素严重地妨碍工业中科学研究的效率:

3. These huge stone blocks weigh an average of two and a half tons each, as much as a small car.
    这些巨大的石块平均每块重2吨半,像一辆小型轿车那样重,

4. How many pounds do you weigh?
    你体重多少磅?

5. ´Jumbo must weigh a few tons,´ said a policeman afterwards,
    "江伯一定有好几吨重,"一个警察事后这样说,

6. Some even weigh fifteen tons.
    有些石块甚至重达15吨。

7. “Fine,” I tell her. “How much does he weigh?”
    "挺好,"我告诉她。"他体重多少?"

8. In tight turns and recovering from dives, it can pull nine G's, or nine times the force of gravity, causing a 200-pound man to weigh nearly a ton.
    在急转弯和俯冲后拉升时,它能达到超重9倍,也就是重力的9倍,让一个体重200磅的男子重达近1吨。

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