1 [Tn] measure how heavy (sth) is by means of scales, a balance, etc 称（某物）的重量
*He weighed himself on the bathroom scales. 他在浴室的磅秤上称体重.
* The load must be weighed before it is put in the washing-machine. 要洗的衣物须称过重量再放入洗衣机中.
* He weighed the stone in his hand, ie estimated how heavy it was by holding it. 他用手掂了掂这块石头的重量.
2 [Ln] show a certain measure when put on scales, etc 测出重量
60 kilos. 她体重为60公斤.
* How much do you weigh? ie How heavy are you? 你体重多少?
* This piece of meat weighs four pounds. 这 块肉重四磅.
3 (a) [Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth (with/against sth) consider carefully the relative value or importance of sth 仔细考虑某事物的相对价值或重要性等; 权衡; 斟酌
*weigh one plan against another 比较一计画与另一计画的优劣
* weighing the pros and cons 权衡正反两方面的意见
* weigh the advantages of the operation against the risks involved 仔细考虑做这种手术的好处与危险.
(b) [Tn, Tn.p] ~ sth (up) consider sth carefully 仔细考虑某事物
*weigh (up) the consequences of an action慎重考虑一行动的後果
* weigh up one's chances of success琢磨成功的可能性.
4 [Ipr] ~ (with sb) (against sb/sth) be considered important (by sb) when sb/sth is being judged （评定某人[某事物]时）被（某人）认为重要
*His criminal record weighed heavily against him (with the jury). （陪审团）认为他的前科关系重大.
* Her past achievements weighed in her favour as a candidate. 她已往的成就对她这个候选人很有利.
5 (idm 习语) weigh `anchor raise the anchor of a ship at the start of a voyage, etc 起锚. weigh the `evidence consider the relative value of the evidence for and against sb/sth 考虑一证据对某人[某事物]的相对价值. weigh a `ton (infml 口) be very heavy 非常沉重
*These cases weigh a ton what have you got in them? 这些箱子非常重--你在里面放了什么了? weigh one's `words choose carefully words that express exactly what one means 斟酌词句; 推敲
*I must weigh my words to avoid any misunderstanding. 我须字斟句酌免生误解.
6 (phr v)weigh sb down make sb feel anxious or depressed 使某人感到忧虑或沮丧
*weighed down by worry and overwork 因焦虑和过度劳累而情绪低落
* The responsibilities of the job are weighing her down. 她工作责任很重把她压得无精打采. weigh sb/sth down make sb/sth bend or sag 将某人[某物]压弯或压下
*The porter was weighed down by all the luggage. 搬运工扛着这些行李压得直不起腰来.
* The branches were weighed down with ripe apples. 苹果成熟了把树枝都压弯了. weigh in (at sth) (of a jockey, boxer, etc) be weighed before a race, boxing match, etc （指骑手、拳击手等）赛前测体重
*He weighed in at several pounds below the limit. 他赛前量体重比规定限度少几磅. weigh in (with sth) (infml 口) join in a discussion, an argument, etc by saying sth important or convincing; contribute confidently （在讨论、辩论等时）提出重要的或令人信服的意见; 自信地提出看法
*At that point, the chairman weighed in with a strong defence of company policy. 这时, 主席发言有理有据地维护了公司的政策. weigh on sb/sth make (sb/sb's mind, etc) anxious 使（某人[某人的精神]等）忧虑
*The responsibilities weigh (heavily) on him. 他责任重大感到心情沉重.
* It's been weighing on my mind for days whether to tell her or not. 我这几天心烦意乱, 不知道应该不应告诉她. weigh sth out measure a quantity of sth by weight 称出指定重量的某物
*weigh out a kilo of tomatoes 称出一公斤西红柿
* Weigh out all the ingredients before you start making the cake. 在动手做蛋糕之前先要把配料都量好.
1【be a particular weight】2【measure weight】3【consider/compare】4【influence】5 weigh your words6 weigh anchorPhrasal verbs weigh somebody⇔down weigh in weigh on somebody/something weigh something⇔out weigh somebody/something⇔up
[Language: Old English; Origin:
wegan 'to move, carry, weigh'
]【BE A PARTICULAR WEIGHT】 [linking verb]
to have a particular weight The young birds weigh only a few grams. Do you know how much it weighs ? What (=how much) do you weigh ? The box was full of books and weighed a ton (=was very heavy) .【MEASURE WEIGHT】 [T]
to use a machine to discover how much something or someone weighs He weighed some potatoes on the scales.weigh yourself Have you weighed yourself lately?【CONSIDER/COMPARE】 also weigh up [T]
to consider something carefully so that you can make a decision about it It is my job to weigh the evidence.weigh sth against sth We have to weigh the benefits of the scheme against the costs.【INFLUENCE】 [I always + adverb/preposition] formal
to influence someone's opinion and the decision that they makeweigh against This unfortunate experience will weigh heavily against further investment in the area.weigh in sb/sth's favour These facts will weigh in your favour.weigh with Her evidence weighed strongly with the judge. weigh your words
to think very carefully about what you say because you do not want to say the wrong thing He was weighing his words carefully. weigh anchor
to raise an anchor
and sail awayweigh down
[weigh sb⇔down] phr v
if something weighs you down, it is heavy and difficult to carrybe weighed down with sth Sally was weighed down with shopping bags.
if a problem weighs you down, it makes you feel worried and upsetbe weighed down by/with sth He felt weighed down by his responsibilities. a family weighed down with griefweigh in phr v
to have your weight measured before taking part in a competitionweigh in at Higgins weighed in at just over 100 kilos.
→ weigh-in informal
to join in an argument or fightweigh in with The chairman then weighed in with his views.weigh on /
[weigh on sb/sth] phr v
to make someone feel worried and upset The desire for peace will weigh heavily on the negotiators. I'm sure there's something weighing on his mind . The burden of responsibility weighed heavily on his shoulders .weigh out
[weigh sth⇔out] phr v
to measure an amount of something by weighing it She weighed out half a kilo of rice.weigh up
[weigh sb/sth⇔up] phr v
to consider something carefully so that you can make a decision about it We're still weighing up the pros and cons (=the advantages and disadvantages) of the two options.
to watch someone and listen to them carefully so that you can form an opinion about what they are like I could see that he was weighing me up.