动词过去式:burdened 过去分词:burdened 现在分词:burdening 第三人称单数:burdens
/'bɜ:dn; `bɝdn/ n
1 [C] thing or person that is carried; heavy load 所负载的事物或人; 重负
*bear/carry/shoulder a heavy burden 负有[负起/肩负]重担.
2 [C] (fig 比喻) duty, obligation, responsibility, etc that is hard to bear （难以承担的）职责、义务、责任等
*the burden of heavy taxation on the tax-payer 纳税者负担的重税
* the burden of grief, guilt, remorse, etc 压在心头的悲伤、内疚、悔恨等
* His invalid father is becoming a burden (to him). 他父亲体弱多病, （对他）渐渐成了累赘.
3 [sing] the ~ of sth main theme of a speech, an article, etc （演说、文章等的）主题, 要点
*The burden of his argument was that... 他论证的要点是....
4 [U] ship's carrying capacity; tonnage （船的）装载量, 吨位.
v [Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sb/oneself (with sth) put a burden on sb/oneself; load sb/oneself 加负担于某人[自己]
*refugees burdened with all their possessions 带着沉重家当的难民
* (fig 比喻) I don't want to burden you with my problems. 我不想让我的问题给你增加负担.
* Industry is heavily burdened with taxation. 工业为重税所累.
1. It places a terrible strain on the mother-child bond by saddling the mother with the double burden of playing the role of both mother and father; 离婚使得母亲既当母亲又当父亲而不堪重负，从而造成母子关系的紧张。
2. When you come from a family of firsts, you never forget the burden and the inspiration of your past. 来自一个创造"第一"的家庭，你决不会忘记自己的责任，不会忘记家族历史对你的鼓舞。
3. The Lord kept his promise, and lightened the burden of taxes that he laid upon the citizens. 勋爵未食前言，减轻了他加在市民头上的税负。
4. Life to him seemed hollow, and existence but a burden. 生命对他来说是空虚的，活在世上不过是一种负担。