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call

美音:[kɔl ]点这儿播放单词美音发声
英音:[kɔl ]点这儿播放单词英音发声
n.喊声,叫声,命令,号召,访问,叫牌,通话,必要 v.呼叫,召集,称呼,认为,命名,打电话
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难易程度:

call为小学词汇   词频:1096

词形变化:

动词过去式:called 过去分词:called 现在分词:calling 第三人称单数:calls

近义词, 同义词

相关词

ask  command  cry  invite  shout  speak  telephone  yell    

call


/kɔ:l; kɔl/
n
1 [C] shout; cry 呼喊; 喊叫
*a call for help 大声呼救
* They came at my call, ie when I shouted to them. 我把他们喊来了.
2 [C] characteristic cry of a bird (鸟的)鸣叫, 啼叫.
3 [C] signal sounded on a horn, bugle, etc 喇叭、军号等的号声.
4 [C] short visit (to sb's house) (到某人家)拜访
*pay a call on a friend 访友
* The doctor has five calls to make this morning. 今早大夫要去五家出诊.
* We must return her call, ie visit her because she visited us. 我们得到她家回访.
5 [C] (also `phone call, ring) act of telephoning; conversation on the telephone 打电话; 用电话交谈
*give sb/make/receive/return a call 给某人打[拨/接/回]电话
* Were there any calls for me while I was out? 我出去的时候, 有人来过电话吗?
6 (a) [C] order, signal or invitation, esp to come or meet; summons 命令, 信号, 邀请(尤指使之前来或相见); 召唤
*The Prime Minister is waiting for a call to the Palace. 首相待召进宫.
* An actor's call tells him when to go on stage. 有个演员示意让他到时上场.
* This is the last call for passengers travelling on flight BA
199 to Rome. 乘坐英航199号班机飞往罗马的乘客, 这是最後一次通知.
* (fig 比喻) He answered the call of duty and enlisted in the army. 他应徵入伍.
(b) [sing] ~ (of sth) inner urge to follow a course of action or profession; vocation 感召; 神召
*feel the call (of the priesthood) 感到(教士圣职的)神召.
(c) [sing] ~ of sth attraction or fascination of (a particular place or activity) (某处或某活动的)吸引力, 诱惑力
*the call of the sea, of the wild, of faraway places, etc 大海、荒野、遥远地方等的吸引力.
(d) [C] ~ for sth request or demand for sth 对某事物的要求或号召
*The President made a call for national unity. 总统号召全国人民团结起来.
* There were calls for the Prime Minister's resignation from the Opposition parties. 在反对党中, 有人要求首相辞职.
7 [U] ~ for sth (esp in negative sentences and questions 尤用于否定句及疑问句中) need or occasion for sth 对某事物的需要, 必要或理由
*There isn't much call for such things these days. 这种东西近来需求量不大.
* There was no call for such rudeness. 没必要这么粗暴.
8 [C] ~ on sb/sth demand on sb/sth 对某人[某事物]的需求
*He is a busy man with many calls on his time. 他很忙, 有很多事需要花时间去做.
9 [C] (in card-games) player's bid or turn to bid (纸牌戏中)叫牌, 轮到叫牌
*It's your call, partner. 伙伴, 该你叫牌了.
10 (idm 习语) at one's/sb's beck and call => beck2. a call of `nature (euph 婉) need to urinate or defecate 要小便或大便. a close call => close1. (be) on `call (esp of a doctor) available for work if necessary (尤指医生)随叫随到
*Who's on call tonight? 今晚谁值班? a port of call => port1. within `call near enough to hear sb shouting (for help, etc) 在(求救等)喊声能听到的范围内; 附近.

/kɔ:l; kɔl/
v
1 [I, Ipr, Ip, Tn, Tn.p] ~ (out) to sb (for sth); ~ (sth) (out) say (sth) loudly to attract sb's attention; shout; cry 大声说(某事物)以引起别人注意; 喊; 叫
*I thought I heard sb calling. 我好像听见有人喊叫.
* Why didn't you come when I called (out) (your name)? 我喊(出)(你名字)的时候, 你为什么不来?
* She called to her father for help. 她向父亲喊叫求救.
* The injured soldiers called out in pain. 受伤的士兵疼得大叫.
* The teacher called out the children's names, eg to check they were all present. 教师大声点名(如考勤).
2 [I] (of a bird or an animal) make its characteristic cry (指禽兽)叫.
3 [Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p, Dn.n, Dn.pr] order or ask (sb/sth) to come (to a specified place) by shouting, telephoning, writing, etc; summon (通过喊叫、电话、文字等)命令或要求(某人[某物])来(到某处); 召唤
*call the fire brigade, the police, a doctor, an ambulance, etc 叫消防队、警察、医生、救护车等
* Call the children (in)
*it's time for tea. 叫孩子们(进来), 该吃下午茶点了.
* Several candidates were called for a second interview. 有几个候选人被叫来作第二次面试.
* The doctor has been called (away) to an urgent case. 医生被叫去看急症病人了.
* The ambassador was called back to London by the Prime Minister. 大使被首相召回伦敦.
* I have to be at the airport in
20 minutes please call (me) a taxi. 我20分钟後得到机场--请(给我)叫辆计程车.
* call sb's attention to sth, ie invite sb to examine or think carefully about sth 叫某人注意某事.
4 (a) [I, Ipr, Ip] ~ (in/round) (on sb/at...) (for sb/sth) make a short visit; go to sb's house, etc (to get sth or to go somewhere with him)拜访; 去某人家等(取某物或与他去某处)
*Let's call (in) on John/at John's house. 咱们去拜访约翰吧[去约翰家吧].
* He was out when I called (round) (to see him). 我去拜访(探望他)的时候, 他不在家.
* I'll call for (ie collect) you at
7 o'clock. 我7点钟到你家接你.
* Will you call in at the supermarket for some eggs and milk? 你顺便去超级市场买些鸡蛋和牛奶好吗? =>Usage at visit 用法见visit.
(b) [Ipr] ~ at... (of a train, etc) stop at (a place) (指火车等)在(某处)停靠
*The train on platform
3 is for London, calling at Didcot and Reading. 第3站台的火车开往伦敦, 在迪科特和雷丁停车.
5 [I, Tn] telephone (sb) 给(某人)打电话
*I'll call (you) again later. 我稍後再(给你)打电话.
* My brother called me (from Leeds) last night. 我弟弟昨晚(从利兹)给我打来电话.
6 [Tn] order (sth) to take place; announce 令(某事)举行, 进行; 宣布
*call a meeting, an election, a strike 举行会议、选举、罢工.
7 [Tn] wake (sb) 叫醒(某人)
*Please call me at
7 o'clock tomorrow morning. 请在明早7点钟把我叫醒.
8 [Cn.a, Cn.n]
(a) describe or address (sb/sth) as, name 给(某人[某事物])取名; 将(某人[某事物])称为或叫作
*How dare you call me fat! 你怎么敢叫我胖子!
* His name is Richard but we call him Dick. 他名叫里查, 可是我们都叫他迪克.
* What's your dog called? 你的狗叫什么名字?
* (ironic 反语) He hasn't had anything published and he calls himself a writer! 他什么都没发表过, 却自称作家!
(b) consider (sb/sth) to be; regard as 认为(某人[某事物]是; 看作
*I call his behaviour mean and selfish. 我认为他的行为卑鄙、自私.
* I would never call German an easy language. 我认为德语可不容易学.
* How can you be so unkind and still call yourself my friend? 你怎么能这么不通人情, 还自称是我的朋友?
* You owe me £5.04 let's call it £5, ie settle the sum at £5. 你欠我5.04英镑--就算5英镑吧.
9 [I, Tn] (in card-games) declare (a trump suit, etc); bid (纸牌戏中)定(王牌等); 叫牌
*Have you called yet? 你叫牌了吗?
* Who called hearts? 谁定的红桃?
10 (idm 习语) be/feel called to (do) sth be/feel summoned to a particular profession or vocation 被召[感召]任某种职务或使命
*be called to the bar, ie become a barrister 成为讼务律师
* feel called to the ministry/the priesthood 被牧师[教士]使命感召. bring/call sb/sth to mind => mind1. call sb's `bluff challenge sb to do what he is threatening to do (believing that he will not dare to do it) 要求某人摊牌(迫使某人做他威胁要做的事--认为他不敢做); 向某人挑战. call a `halt (to sth) stop (work, a habit, etc) 停止(工作); 改掉(某习惯)
*Let's call a halt (to the meeting) and continue tomorrow. 咱们暂停(会议), 明天接着开. call sth into being (fml 文) create sth 创造某事物. call sth into play bring sth into operation 发挥; 发扬; 发动; 调动
*Chess is a game that calls into play all one's powers of concentration. 下国际象棋要全神贯注才行. call sth in/into `question doubt sth or cause sth to be doubted 怀疑某事物; 使某事物受怀疑
*His honesty has never been called in question. 他的诚实从未有人怀疑过. call it a `day (infml 口) decide or agree to stop (doing sth) temporarily or permanently 决定或同意暂时或永久停止(进行某事物)
*After forty years in politics he thinks it's time to call it a day, ie to retire. 他从政四十年, 认为该结束了(退休). call it `quits (infml 口) agree to stop a contest, quarrel, etc on even terms (同意不分胜负)停止比赛、争吵等. call sb `names jeer at or insult sb 嘲弄或侮辱某人. call sth one's `own claim sth as one's property 声称某事物归自己所有
*He has nothing he can call his own. 他一无所有. call the `shots/the `tune (infml 口) be in a position to control a situation 控制; 操纵; 定调子. call a spade a `spade speak plainly and frankly 直言不讳. call sb to account (for/over sth) make sb explain (an error, a loss, etc) 使某人解释(错误、损失等)
*His boss called him to account for failing to meet the deadline. 老板叫他解释未能按时完成的原因. call sb/sth to order ask (people in a meeting) to be silent so that business may start or continue 要求(与会者)安静(以便开始或继续进行正事). he who pays the piper calls the tune => pay2. the pot calling the kettle black => pot1.
11 (phr v) call by (infml 口) visit a place or a person briefly when passing 顺路参观某处或探望某人
*Could you call by on your way home? 你回家的时候, 能顺路来一下吗?

call


n[U]
computer-assisted language learning the use of computers to help people learn foreign languages
1. But other suns, stars as the astronomers call them, are bound to have planets like our own, and as the number of stars in the universe is so vast, this possibility becomes virtual certainty.
    但是,其他的太阳,既天文学家所说的恒星,肯定会有像我们地球一样的行星。因为宇宙中恒星的数目极其庞大,所以存在着产生生命星球的这种可能性是肯定无疑的。

2. C.You call your doctor and ask for pills to keep you calm through the next few hours.
    c.你打电话给你的医生,要求开一些药丸,来使你在接下来的几个小时里保持平静。

3. But no one made much money on the invention until a Canadian businessman decided to call it a "zipper (拉链)".
    但并没有人因此而发财。最后,一个加拿大商人决定给它起命为"拉链"。

4. But this killing leaves him confused—not because it is a murder, but because “good people” failed to call the police.
    惟独这桩谋杀使他百思不得其解──不是因为它是杀人案,而是因为"好市民们"没有打电话报警。

5. But after a few years in a system that practically requires people to lie, they become like the one I shall call "Suzanne", a detective in shorts.
    可是在这个实际上是要人撒谎的系统里干了几年后,他们就变得与那个叫苏珊娜的人一样了--一个穿运动短裤的侦探。

6. We must call the doctor.
    我们得请医生.

7. We must call the doctor.
    我们得去请医生。

8. When our part begins to turn towards the sun and we see the first sunlight, we call it morning.
    当我们这半球开始转向太阳时,我们看到朝阳,这就是早晨。

9. When the moon is like this, we call it a quarter moon.
    这时的月亮我们称之为半月。

10. We call this a new moon.
    我们称之新月。

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