动词过去式:cleft/cleaved/clove 过去分词:cleft/cleaved/cloven 现在分词:cleaving 第三人称单数:cleaves 形容词:cleavable
/kli:v; kliv/ v (pt cleaved / kli:vd; klivd/, clove /klEUv; klov/ or cleft / kleft; klZft/, pp cleaved, cloven / 5klEUvn; `klovEn/ or cleft)
1 [I] break or split, esp along a natural line 裂开, 分开（尤指沿天然纹理）
*This wood cleaves easily. 这种木材容易裂.
2 [Tn, Tn.pr, Cn.a] divide (sth) by chopping (with a heavy axe, etc); split （用大斧等）劈开（某物）; 使分开
*cleave a block of wood in two 把一块木头劈成两半
* cleave a man's head open with a sword 用剑劈开人头.
3 [Ipr, Tn, Tn.pr] ~ through sth/~ sth (through sth) make a way through (sth) (as if) by cutting （好像）开路般穿过（某物）
*The ship's bows cleaved (through) the waves. 轮船破浪前进.
* cleave a path through the jungle 在丛林中开出一条路
* (fig 比喻) cleaving one's way/a path through the crowd 从拥挤的人群中穿过.
4 (idm 习语) be (caught) in a cleft `stick be trapped in a situation where it is difficult to decide what to do 陷入进退两难的境地.
v (pt cleaved/ kli:vd; klivd/ or clave/ kleIv; klev/, pp cleaved) [Ipr] ~ to sb/sth (arch 古) remain attached or faithful to sb/sth 依恋或忠实于某人[某事物].
v past tensecleaved,clove [kləuv (US) klouv/