(a) amount by which sth, esp a sum of money, is too small 不足额（尤指款项）
*We raised 100, and we need 250
*that's a deficit of 150. 我们筹措了100英镑而我们需要250英镑, 还缺150英镑.
(b) excess of debts over income; amount of this excess 亏空额; 赤字
*Tax was low and state spending was high, resulting in a budget deficit. 税率低而政府支出大, 结果出现预算赤字. Cf 参看 surplus.
1700-1800; Language: French;Origin:
déficit, from Latin
deficit 'it lacks'
, from deficere; DEFECT1
the difference between the amount of something that you have and the higher amount that you need
→shortfall the country's widening budget deficit the US's foreign trade deficitdeficit of a deficit of £2.5 milliondeficit in Many countries have a big deficit in food supply.in deficit The US balance of payments was in deficit.
1. This caused a deficit of over 2,000 dollars. 造成了两千多美元的亏空。