/dɪ'zɑ:stə(r); [US] -z'æs-; dɪz`æstɚ/
(a) event that causes great harm or damage, eg a fire, a serious defeat, the loss of a large sum of money 灾难; 灾祸; 灾害
*Thousands died in the disaster. 数千人死于这场灾祸.
* Losing your job needn't be such a disaster. 你不必把丢了工作看成是大难临头.
* a natural disaster, ie an accident, such as an earthquake or a flood, that is not caused by human beings 自然灾害.
(b) (infml 口) person or thing that is a complete failure 彻底失败的人或事物
*As a teacher, he's a disaster. 他是个很糟糕的教师.
* The play's first night was a disaster. 这出戏头一晚就演砸了.
2 [U] failure 失败
*His career is a story of utter disaster. 他在事业上一事无成.
n [U and C]
1500-1600; Language: French;Origin:
désastre, from Italian
disastro, from astro 'star'
(from the idea of luck coming from the stars)]
a sudden event such as a flood, storm, or accident which causes great damage or suffering
→catastrophe One hundred and twenty people died in China's worst air disaster . the economic consequences of the Chernobyl nuclear disasterdisaster for The oil spill was a disaster for Alaskan sea animals. The 1987 hurricane was the worst natural disaster to hit England for decades. Their expedition nearly ended in disaster , when one of the climbers slid off the mountain. The drought could spell disaster for wildlife. Disaster struck when two men were killed during their parachute jumps. The peace process was on the brink of disaster . Luckily the pilot saw the other plane just in time, and a disaster was narrowly averted .
something that is very bad or a failure, especially when this is very annoying or disappointingsth is a complete/total/disaster Because of the weather, the parade was a total disaster. The evening was an unmitigated disaster (=a complete failure) .disaster for The cuts in funding will be a disaster for the schools. Five small boys on skis is a recipe for disaster (=is very likely to end badly) .
COLLOCATES for sense 1air disasternuclear disasternatural disaster
(=caused by nature) ecological/environmental disaster
(=one that causes great damage to nature) end in disasterspell disaster
(=mean that there will be disaster) disaster strikes
(=it happens) on the brink of disasterprevent/avert a disastersomething is a disaster waiting to happen
1. Engineers say a disaster is unlikely in the Chunnel because it wouldn't be flooded by a bomb. The tunnel is too far beneath the sea floor. 工程师说隧道里不可能发生意外灾难，因为它不可能被炸弹炸开而涌进水，隧道在海底的深处。
2. We made a contribution to the disaster area. 我们捐助灾区。
3. The rain turned our holiday into a veritable disaster. 这场雨把我们的假日完全毁了.
4. The first sign of disaster was a dead sheep floating down. 灾难的第一迹象是一只死羊顺流而下，
5. Today the work goes on, for at any moment disaster may strike somewhere, and the Red Cross must be ready to journey to the ends of the earth, if necessary, and bring relief. 如今，红十字会的工作仍在照常进行，因为随时都可能出现灾情，一旦需要，红十字会将奔赴天涯海角，提供救援。
6. The few remaining working lines will be busy with the calls that naturally occur after a disaster and it will be difficult to call from one part of the city to another. 剩下的为数不多的可用线路会很忙，因为灾难之后自然会有许多电话，要从市里的一个地方打到另一个地方会很困难。
7. The two were hard to combine and sometimes — as in his early marriages — the collision between them resulted in disaster. 这两者很难结合在一起，有时这种冲突导致了灾难，就像他早期的几次婚姻那样。
8. 6.A close friend is about to get married. In your opinion, it will be a disaster. 6.一个亲密朋友快要结婚了。依你看，这将是一个灾难。
9. "It's hard to operate a business on someone else's disaster," Johnson says. 约翰逊说："要靠别人的灾难来做生意是件难事。"
10. But other farms are less favourably sited, and flooding can sometimes spell disaster for their owners. 但其他农场的位置不那么有利，有时洪水会给农场主带来灾难。