pend,pens＝to hang（悬挂）,to weigh（衡量）
1 [U] (fml 文) action of dispensing or distributing 分配; 分发.
2 [U, C] (fml 文) apparent arrangement of events by Providence 神的安排; 天命; 天道.
3 [C, U] (religion 宗) (in the Roman Catholic Church) permission to break the normal rules of the church （天主教）特准（容许违反教会的常规）, 豁免
*She needs a special dispensation to marry her cousin. 她需要得到特准才能嫁给她的表亲.
4 [C] (religion 宗) religious system prevalent at a certain period 某一时代的宗教制度
*the Christian, Mosaic dispensation 基督教的教规、摩西的律法.
[U and C]
special permission from someone in authority, especially a religious leader, to do something that is not usually allowed
Caroline's marriage was annulled by special dispensation from the church.
the act of providing people with something as part of an official process
the dispensation of justice
a religious or political system that has control over people's lives at a particular time