n.财物的增加,财富的获取,利润,腰槽,收获 vt.得到,增进,赚到,开腰槽于 vi.获利,增加
动词过去式:gained 过去分词:gained 现在分词:gaining 第三人称单数:gains
1 [U] increase in wealth; profit; advantage 财富的增加; 利润; 利益
*One man's loss is another man's gain. 一人之失即是他人之得.
* We hope for some gain from our investment. 我们希望投资有利可图.
2 [C] increase in amount or power; improvement 数量或力量的增加; 增进
*a gain in weight of two pounds 体重增加两磅
* Heavy gains were recorded on the Stock Exchange today. 今日股票价格大幅上升.
1 (a) [Tn, Dn.n, Dn.pr] ~sth (for sb) obtain, win (esp sth wanted or needed) 获得, 赢得（尤指想要的或所需的事物）
*gain possession 获得所有权
* gain access to secret information 得以接触机密资料
* gain sb's affections 赢得某人的喜爱
* I gained the impression that the matter had been settled. 我得到的印象是事情已经解决了.
* His persistence gained him victory. 他因坚持不懈而获胜.
(b) [Tn] get more of (esp sth wanted or needed) 得到更多（尤指想要的或所需的事物）; 增加
*gain experience, power, strength, weight 增加经验、权势、力量、重量
* Our campaign is gaining momentum. 我们的运动在发展壮大.
* The plane rapidly gained height. 飞机急速升高.
2 [Ipr] ~ by/from (doing) sth benefit, profit from sth/doing sth 从某事物中获益、得到好处
*You can gain by watching how she works. 看她怎样工作就可获益.
3 [Tn] reach (sth) (usu with effort) 达到, 到达（通常需经努力）
*After swimming for an hour, he finally gained the shore. 他游了一小时以後, 终于到达岸边.
4 [I, Tn] (of a watch or clock) go fast; become ahead of the correct time （指钟表）快
*My watch gains (by) several minutes a day. 我的表一天快几分钟.
5 (idm 习语) carry/gain one's point => point1. gain credence => credence. gain `ground make progress; begin to succeed 进步; 进展
*Your campaign is gaining ground. 你们的运动不断取得进展. gain/make up ground => ground1. gain/win sb's hand => hand1. gain/win one's laurels => laurel. gain time obtain extra time by making excuses, deliberately using slow methods, etc 拖延时间. gain, get, etc the upper hand => upper. nothing venture, nothing gain/win => venture. stand to `gain => stand.
6 (phr v) gain in sth obtain more of (a physical or an abstract quality) 更加; 增加
*gain in beauty, height, strength, weight, etc 更加美丽、高、强、重等
* gain in confidence, influence, knowledge, understanding, etc 增加信心、影响、知识、谅解等. gain on sb/sth come closer to sb/sth, esp a rival or sth pursued 更接近某人[某事物]（尤指对手或所追逐的事物）; 赶上
*gain on the leader in a race 在赛跑中赶上领先的人
* The Socialists are gaining on the Conservatives in the opinion polls. 民意测验显示社会党已逐渐赶上保守党.
1. According to one psychological expert, when men gain a little gray hair, their appeal often increases because, for them, age implies power, success, wealth, and position. 据一位心理学专家说，男人头发有点花白通常增添了他们的魅力，因为对他们而言，年龄意味着权力、成功、财富及地位。
2. In this way, students gain great insight from their peers, learning from each other as well as the instructor. 这样，学生可以从同龄人那里获得真知灼见，既向老师求教，又互相学习。
3. For the student to gain admission, parents also must agree to accept and demonstrate the school's philosophies and outlook. 为了使孩子被该校录取，家长也必须同意接受并实践学校的思想和观点。