动词过去式:governed 过去分词:governed 现在分词:governing 第三人称单数:governs 形容词:governable
1 [I, Tn] rule (a country, etc); control or direct the public affairs of (a city, country, etc) 统治（国家等）; 控制, 支配, 治理, 管辖（城市、国家等）的公共事务
*In Britain the Queen reigns, but elected representatives of the people govern the country. 在英国, 女王是君主而治理国家的却是民选的代表.
2 [Tn] prevent the expression of (a strong emotion); control 抑制, 控制（强烈感情）的表露
*govern one's feelings, passion, temper, etc 控制住感情、激情、脾气等.
3 [Tn] influence (sth/sb) decisively; determine 支配某事物[某人]; 决定
*Self-interest governs all his actions. 他的所作所为皆取决于一己之利.
* The law of supply and demand governs the prices of goods. 供求规律决定商品的价格.
* I will be governed by you, ie will do as you suggest. 我愿秉承您的意旨.
4 [Tn] (grammar) (esp of a v or prep) require the object to be in (a particular grammatical case) （尤指动词或介词）要求宾语处于（语法上的某格）
*In Latin, several verbs govern the dative. 在拉丁语中, 有些动词要求与格的宾语.
1200-1300; Language: Old French;Origin:
governer, from Latin
gubernare, from Greek
kybernan 'to control the direction of something'
] [I and T]
to officially and legally control a country and make all the decisions about taxes, laws, public services etc
= rule the military leaders who govern the country a country governed by a military élite The party had been governing for seven months. [T]
if rules, principles etc govern the way a system or situation works, they control how it happens legislation governing the export of live animals The universe is governed by the laws of physics.