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initiate

美音:[(noun) ı´nıʃıət (verb) ı´nıʃı´eıt ]点这儿播放单词美音发声
英音:[(noun) ı´nıʃıət (verb) ı´nıʃı´eıt ]点这儿播放单词英音发声
vt.开始,发动,传授 v.开始,发起

难易程度:

initiate为短语/超纲词汇   词频:3589

词形变化:

名词:initiator 动词过去式:initiated 过去分词:initiated 现在分词:initiating 第三人称单数:initiates

词根

it=to go(走)

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initiate


/ɪ'nɪʃɪeɪt; ɪ`nɪʃɪ,et/
v
1 [Tn] (fml 文) put (a scheme, etc) into operation; cause (sth) to begin 开始实施(计画等); 发起, 创始, 开始(某事物)
*initiate plans, schemes, social reforms, etc 开始实施计画、方案、社会改革等
* (law 律) initiate proceedings against sb, ie prosecute sb 起诉某人.
2 [Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sb (into sth)
(a) admit or introduce sb to membership of a group, etc, often by means of a special ceremony 接纳或介绍某人加入某团体等(常通过某种仪式)
*initiate sb into a religious sect, secret society, etc 介绍某人加入某教派、秘密会社等.
(b) give sb elementary instruction (in sth) or secret knowledge (of sth) 向某人传授(某事物的)基本要领或秘密知识
*an older woman who had initiated him into the mysteries of love 让他初尝云雨情的年长女子.

/ɪ'nɪʃɪət; ɪ`nɪʃɪət/
n person who has (just) been initiated into a group 经介绍(刚)加入某组织的人.
1. He wants to initiate new methods.
    他想开始实行新方法。

2. "...while the data...cannot be held to prove the... (hypothesis), they may go so far as to initiate and encourage experiments and observations by which the truth or fallacy of the views held may be demonstrated, which, either way, will be a step in t
    “……虽然现有的实验数据……无法证明我们的……(假设),但它们能起到这样的作用,即推动和鼓励科学家去进行实验和观察,以验证我们原有的观点是正确还是错误。不论结论如何,总是代表科学在前进的道路上所走的一步。”

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