动词过去式:offended 过去分词:offended 现在分词:offending 第三人称单数:offends
fend＝to strike（打击） 变化型 fest
1 (a) [Tn esp passive 尤用于被动语态] cause (sb) to feel upset or angry; hurt the feelings of 触怒, 冒犯（某人）; 伤（某人）的感情
*She was offended at/by his sexist remarks. 他那些性别歧视的话把她惹恼了.
* She may be offended if you don't reply to her invitation. 她请你, 你要是不回个信儿就可能把她得罪了.
(b) [Tn] cause displeasure or annoyance to (sb/sth) 使（某人）不快, 恼怒; 使（某物）不适
*sounds that offend the ear 刺耳的声音
* an ugly building that offends the eye 一座难看的建筑物.
2 [Ipr] ~ against sb/sth (fml 文) do wrong to sb/sth; commit an offence against sb/sth 触犯、冒犯或得罪某人; 触犯、侵犯或违犯某事物:offend against humanity 违反人性
* His conduct offended against the rules of decent behaviour. 他的行为已经离格儿了.
[Date: 1300-1400; Language: Old French;Origin: offendre, from Latin offendere 'to strike against, offend']
[I and T]
to make someone angry or upset by doing or saying something that they think is rude, unkind etc
His remarks deeply offended many Scottish people.
be offended by/at sth
Liddy was offended by such a personal question.
The careful language is designed not to offend.
to seem bad or unacceptable to someone
A solution must be found that doesn't offend too many people.
Some of these new buildings really offend the eye (=look very ugly) .
to commit a crime or crimes
Many of the young men here are likely to offend again.
[I and T]formal
to be against people's feelings of what is morally acceptable
Broadcasters have a responsibility not to offend against good taste and decency.
1. But he would have to be careful not to offend Crass, the foreman, who could give him the sack at any time. 但是他得小心，别冒犯了工头克拉斯，因为克拉斯随时都能解雇他。