/pɑ:s; [US] pæs; pæs/
1 success in an examination 及格
*get a pass in French 法语及格 *
2 passes and
3 fails 两门及格, 三门不及格.
2 (a) paper or card giving sb permission, eg to enter, leave or be absent from a place 通行证; 许可证
*All visitors must show their passes before entering the building. 参观者须出示许可证方可进入该建筑物.
* There is no admittance without a pass. 无通行证者不得入内.
(b) any of various types of bus ticket or train ticket, esp one allowing sb to travel regularly along a particular route over a specified period of time or to travel at a reduced fare or free of charge （公共汽车或火车的）乘车券（尤指在某期间在某固定路线上使用的或优待或免费搭乘的票据）
*a monthly bus pass, ie one that is valid for a month 公共汽车月票.
3 ~ (to sb) (in football, hockey, Rugby, etc) act of kicking, hitting or throwing the ball to a player of one's own side （足球、曲棍球、橄榄球等中的）传球
*a long pass to the striker 给前锋的长传.
4 (route through a) gap or low point in a range of mountains 关隘; 山口; 山道; 山路.
5 (in card-games) act of not playing a card or making a bid when it is one's turn （纸牌戏中）不出牌, 不叫牌, 弃权.
6 (esp in conjuring) movement of the hand or of sth held in the hand over or in front of sth （尤指变戏法时）用手或手中物对某物施遮眼法的动作, 手法
*The conjuror made a few passes with his hand over the hat. 魔术师用手在帽子上方来回移动了几下.
7 (in fencing) thrust or lunge ¼击剑中的）戳刺, 滑刺, 滑剑.
8 (idm 习语) bring sth to `pass (fml 文) cause sth to happen 使某事发生. come to `pass (fml 文) actually occur as predicted, planned or hoped for 实现; 发生
*Many people would like the electoral system to be reformed but I don't believe this will ever come to pass. 很多人都想要改革选举制度, 但我认为不可能实现. come to such a `pass/a pretty `pass reach a sad or critical state 处境不妙; 情况危急
*Things have come to a pretty pass when the children have to prepare their own meals. 要孩子自己动手做饭, 事情就一塌糊涂了. make a pass at sb (infml 口) try to attract sb sexually 向某人调情. sell the pass => sell.
/pɑ:s; [US] pæs; pæs/ v
1 [I, Tn] move forward or to the other side of (sb/sth) 前行, 穿行, 越过（某人[某物]）
*The street was so crowded that cars were unable to pass. 街道十分拥挤, 汽车无法通行.
* pass a barrier, sentry, checkpoint, etc 通过障碍、哨卡、检查站等
* (fig 比喻) Not a word passed her lips, ie She said nothing. 她一言不发.
2 [I, Tn] leave (sb/sth) on one side or behind as one goes forward; go past (sb/sth) 越过, 经过（某人[某物]）
*Turn right after passing the Post Office. 过了邮局向右拐.
* She passed me in the street without even saying hello. 她在街上从我身旁走过, 连招呼都不打.
* I pass the church on my way to work. 我上班时经过教堂.
* A car passed (ie overtook) me at
90 mph on the motorway. 在高速公路上有一辆汽车以每小时90英里的速度越过了我.
3 [Ipr, Ip] go or move in the specified direction 沿某方向行进或移动
*The procession passed slowly down the hill. 队伍从山上慢慢向山下移动.
* We passed through Oxford on our way to London. 我们在去伦敦的路上经过牛津.
* He glanced at her and then passed on, ie continued to walk forward. 他看了她一眼, 然後继续朝前走.
4 [Tn.pr] cause sth to move in the specified direction or to be in a certain position 使某物沿某方向移动; 使某物移至某位置
*She passed her hand across her forehead. 她用手抹了一下额头.
* pass a thread through the eye of a needle 引线穿针
* pass a rope round a post 把绳子绕在柱子上.
5 [Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p, Dn.n, Dn.pr] ~ sth (to sb) give sth to sb by handing it to him 将某物递给某人
*Pass (me) the salt, please. 请把盐递给我.
* They passed the photograph round, ie from one person to the next. 他们传看照片.
* Pass me (over) that book. 把书递给我.
* She passed the letter to Mary. 她把信转交给玛丽了.
6 [I, Ipr, Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth (to sb) (in football, hockey, Rugby, etc) kick, hit or throw (the ball) to a player of one's own side （在足球、曲棍球、橄榄球中）将球传、踢、击、掷给己方队员
*He passed (the ball) to the winger. 他传给边锋（一个球）.
7 [Ipr] ~ to sb be transferred from one person to another, esp by inheritance 传; （尤指）继承, 遗传
*On his death, the title passed to his eldest son. 他死後, 爵位传给了长子.
8 [Ipr] ~ from sth to/into sth change from one state or condition to another 从一种状况变成另一种状况
*Water passes from a liquid to a solid state when it freezes. 水结冰是由液态变为固态.
* pass from boyhood to manhood （他）从童年长到成年.
9 (a) [I] (of time) go by; be spent （指时间）消逝, 过去
*Six months had passed, and we still had no news of them. 六个月过去了, 我们仍然没有他们的消息.
* The holidays passed far too quickly. 假期过得太快了.
(b) [Tn] occupy or spend (time) 消磨, 打发, 度过（时间）
*What did she do to pass the time (ie to make the period of boredom less tedious) while she was convalescing? 她在康复期间做些什么来消磨时间呢?
* How did you pass the evening? 你晚上是怎么过的?
10 [I] come to an end; be over 结束; 完结
*They waited for the storm to pass. 他们等待暴风雨过去.
* His anger will soon pass. 他生气一会儿就完.
11 (a) [I, Tn] achieve the required standard in (an examination, a test, etc) 考（试）及格; 测验合格
*You'll have to work hard if you want to pass (the exam). 要想考（试）及格就得用功.
* She hasn't passed her driving test yet. 她驾驶测验没合格.
(b) [Tn] examine (sb/sth) and declare to be satisfactory or acceptable 考核（某人[某事物]）後宣布合格或通过
*The examiners passed all the candidates, ie decided that their work was of the required standard. 主考人评定全部考生合格.
12 (a) [Tn] approve (a bill, law, proposal, etc) by voting 表决通过（法案、法规、建议等）
*Parliament passed the bill. 议会通过了该法案.
* The motion was passed by
12 votes to 10. 那动议以12票对10票通过.
(b) [I, Tn] (esp of a bill, law, proposal, etc) be approved or accepted by (a parliament, an assembly, etc) （尤指法案、法规、建议等）被（议会、大会等）通过或批准
*The bill passed and became law. 该法案已通过成为法规.
* This film will never pass the censors, eg because it is too sexually explicit. 这部电影一定不能通过审查这一关（如因色情过于露骨）.
13 [I] be allowed or tolerated 许可; 容忍; 放过
*I don't like it, but I'll let it pass, ie will not make objections. 我不喜欢, 但就让它过去吧.
* His rudeness passed without comment, ie People ignored it. 他粗鲁无礼而未受到批评.
* Such behaviour may pass in some circles but it will not be tolerated here. 这种行为在某些圈子里可能行得通, 但在这里是不允许的.
14 [Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth (on sb/sth) pronounce or utter sth (used esp as in the expressions shown) 宣布某事（尤用于以下示例）
*pass sentence (on sb found guilty of a crime) （对罪名成立的人）宣判
* pass judgement on a matter 宣布对某事的裁决
* pass a remark 作评论.
15 [I, Ipr] ~ (between A and B) happen; be said or done 发生; 说出或做出
*after all that has passed between them 尽管他们之间有过这些事.
16 [Tn] go beyond the limits of (sth) (used esp in the expressions shown) 超越、超出（某事物）的限度（尤用于以下示例）
*pass belief, ie be unbelievable 难以相信
* pass one's comprehension, ie be impossible for one to understand 难以理解.
17 [I] (in card-games) not play a card or make a bid when it is one's turn （纸牌戏中）不出牌, 不叫牌, 弃权.
18 [Tn] send (sth) out from the body as or with urine or faeces 排（大小便）; （随大小便）排出
*If you're passing blood you ought to see a doctor. 要是便血, 就该找医生看看.
19 (idm 习语) make/pass water => water1. ,pass the `buck (to sb) (infml 口) shift the responsibility or blame for sth to sb else 将某事的责任或过失推委给别人. pass the `hat round (infml 口) collect money, esp for a colleague who is ill or to pay for a celebration 集资, 筹款（尤指为生病的同事或搞庆祝活动）. pass `muster be accepted as adequate or satisfactory 被认为符合要求; 过得去. pass the time of `day (with sb) greet sb and have a short conversation with him 与某人打招呼和寒暄. ships that pass in the night => ship1.
20 (phr v) pass as sb/sth = pass for sb/sth.