n.最初,青春,精华 adj.主要的,最初的,有青春活力的,最好的,第一流的,根本的,[数]素数的 v.预先准备好,<口>让人吃(喝)足,灌注,填装
名词:primeness 副词:primely 动词过去式:primed 过去分词:primed 现在分词:priming 第三人称单数:primes
adj [attrib 作定语]
1 most important; chief; fundamental 最重要的; 主要的; 基本的
*Her prime motive was personal ambition. 她的主要动机是为了实现个人的志向.
* Her prime concern is to protect the property. 她最为关心的是保护财产.
* It is a matter of prime importance. 此事至为重要.
* The prime cause of the trouble was bad management. 造成麻烦的根本原因在于管理不善.
2 of the best quality; excellent 质量最好的; 第一流的
*prime (cuts of) beef 上等牛肉（块）
* a prime site for development 最适于发展的场地.
3 having all the expected or typical qualities 最理想的; 最典型的
*That's a prime (ie very typical, excellent) example of what I was talking about. 这就是一个恰能印证我所谈的内容的极好的例子.
1 (a) state or time of greatest strength, beauty, vigour, etc 最强壮、最美丽、最具有活力等的状态或时期
*When is a man in his prime? 一个人的盛年在什么时候?
* She is past her prime. 她的大好时光已经过去.
(b) state of highest perfection; the best part 最完美的状态; 最佳部分; 精华
*be in the prime of life/youth 正当年富力强[青春大好年华].
2 (rhet 修辞) first or earliest part 第一部分; 最早的部分
*the prime of the year, ie spring 第一季度（春季）.
v [Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth/sb (with sth)
1 make sth ready for use or action 将某物准备好（以便投入使用或起动）
*prime a pump, ie put liquid in it to make it start working 给水泵注水使之起动
* prime an explosive device, ie set the trigger 使爆炸装置准备起爆（将引爆器置于待触发状态）.
2 prepare (wood, etc) for painting by covering it with a substance that prevents the paint from being absorbed 给（木料等）上底色（以便涂漆）.
3 supply sb with facts or information in advance, sometimes dishonestly, so that he can deal with a situation 事先向某人（有时指以不正当手段）提供情况或讯息（供其采取对策）
*The witness had been primed by a lawyer. 这证人曾经受到律师的指点.
* The party representative had been well primed with the facts by party headquarters. 党代表已经掌握了总部提供的事实.
* The witness seemed to have been primed (ie instructed) about what to say. 这证人看来经人指点过该说什么不该说什么.
4 (infml 口) give sb plenty of food and drink (in preparation for sth) 给某人充足饮食（以备从事某事）
*We were well primed for the journey with a large breakfast. 为了去旅行, 我们早餐都吃得饱饱的.
5 (idm 习语) prime the `pump encourage the growth of a new or inactive business or industry by investing money in it 将资金投入新的或不景气的公司或行业以刺激其发展.
1. Every year, on Independence Day, our Prime Minister Nehru spoke of the benefits of science and technology. 每年的独立日，我们的总理尼赫鲁都要讲一讲科学技术的好处。
2. By a quirk of fate, Humboldt and Bonpland met Mariano Luis de Urquijo, Prime Minister of Spain, who was able to obtain for them the permission to visit the Spanish empire in South America. 由于命运的安排，洪堡和庞普朗遇到了西班牙首相乌而吉乔，他可以使他们得到前往南美洲的西班牙帝国去访问的许可。
3. When he asked if Mr. Lane lived there, the policeman on duty told him that since his defeat, the ex-Prime Minister had gone abroad. 当他询问莱恩先生是否住在那里时，值班的警察告诉他这位前首相落选后出国去了。
4. The Prime Minister´s policy alienated many of her followers. 首相的政策使很多拥护她的人疏远了她.
5. The Prime Minister was besieged by reporters. 首相被记者们团团围住.
6. The prime minister justified the action of the Government. 首相证明政府的行动是正当的。
7. The Prime Minister presided at the Cabinet meeting. 首相主持了内阁会议。
8. The two prime ministers exchanged views on questions of common concern. 两位总理就共同关心的问题交换了意见。
9. The former Prime Minister, Mr. Wentworth Lane, was defeated in the recent elections. 前首相温特沃兹.莱恩先生在最近的大选中被击败。
10. Thus, a broken alarm clock in the movie The Pawnbroker became a "sick" patient undergoing surgery; boots were boiled in his film The Gold Rush and their soles eaten with salt and pepper like prime cuts of fish (the nails being removed like 因此，在《当铺老板》中，一个坏闹钟变成了正在接受手术的"病人"；在《淘金记》中，靴子被煮熟，靴底蘸着盐和胡椒被吃掉，就像上好的鱼片（鞋钉就像鱼骨那样被剔除）。