n.上升,增加,上涨,高地,小山,发生,出现 vi.升起,起身,发源,起义,高耸,增长,上升,复活 vt.使飞起
动词过去式:rose 过去分词:risen 现在分词:rising 第三人称单数:rises
1 (a) upward movement or progress 上升; 升起; 进展; 振兴
*His rise to power was very rapid. 他很快掌握了大权.
* the rise and fall of the British Empire 大英帝国的兴衰.
(b) increase in amount, number or intensity （金额、数量或强度的）增加
*a rise in the price of meat, the value of the dollar, the average temperature 肉类价格的上涨、美元的升值、平均温度的增高.
2 upward slope; small hill 斜坡; 小山; 岗; 丘
*At the top of the rise they paused for a rest. 他们在小山的顶部停下来休息.
* a church situated on a small rise 座落在小山上的教堂.
3 (Brit) (US raise) increase (in wages) （工资的）增加
*demand a rise (in wages) from next October 要求从下个十月份起增加工资.
4 (idm 习语) get/take a rise out of sb cause sb to show annoyance or make an angry response by teasing, etc 戏弄某人使之厌烦或愤怒. give rise to sth (fml 文) cause sth 引起、导致某事物
*Her disappearance gave rise to the wildest rumours. 她失踪一事引起了各种流言蜚语.
v (pt rose / rEUz; roz/, pp risen / 5rIzn;`rIzn/)
1 [I, Ipr, Ip, In/pr] come or go upwards; reach a high or higher level, position, etc 上升; 达到较高的水平、位置等
*The cost of living continues to rise. 生活费用继续上涨.
* The river has risen (by) several metres. 河水上涨了好几米.
* smoke rising from the chimney 从烟囱里冒出的烟
* Her voice rose in anger. 她因愤怒而提高了嗓门.
* new tower-blocks rising nearby 在附近新建起的高层建筑.
2 [I] (fml 文) get up from a lying, sitting or kneeling position; get out of bed （躺、坐或跪後）起立, 起身; 起床
*accustomed to rising early 习惯于早起
* He rose (in order) to welcome me. 他起身欢迎我.
* unable to rise because of his injuries （他）因受伤而起不了床.
3 [I] (fml 文) (of the people taking part in a meeting or other assembly) disperse （指参加会议或其他集会的人）散开, 散去
*The House (ie Members of the House of Commons) rose at
10 pm. 下议院已于晚上10点钟散会.
* Parliament rises (ie ends its current session) on Thursday. 国会星期四休会.
4 [I] become upright or erect 竖立; 竖起
*The hair on the back of my neck rose when I heard the scream. 我听到那尖叫声不禁毛骨悚然.
5 [I, Ipr, Ip] ~ (up) (against sb/sth) (fml 文) rebel 反叛; 造反; 起义
*rise (up) in revolt 起来造反
* rise (up) against the foreign invaders 反抗外国侵略者.6 [I] (of the wind) begin to blow (more strongly) （指风）刮起来（更猛）
*The wind is rising -- I think there's a storm coming. 风越刮越猛--大概要来暴风雨了.7 [I] (of the sun, moon, etc) appear above the horizon （指太阳、月亮等）从地平线上升起
*The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 太阳从东方升起, 至西方落下. Cf 参看 set2 19.
8 [I] increase in cheerfulness （情绪）增高
*Her spirits (ie her mood, feelings, emotions) rose at the news. 她听到那消息异常兴奋.
9 [I, Ipr] reach a higher rank, status or position (in society, one's career, etc) （在社会上、职业上等）升至较高的级别、地位或职位
*He rose from the ranks to become an officer. 他由士兵升为军官.
* rise from nothing to become a great leader 由无名小卒一跃而为伟大领袖
* a rising young politician 平步青云的年轻政治家.
10 [I] (of dough, bread, etc) swell under the action of yeast, baking powder, etc （指生面团、面包等）发酵胀起
*My cake is a disaster -- it hasn't risen. 我的蛋糕做坏了--面没发起来.
11 [I, Ipr] (of a river) begin to flow; have its source （指河流）发源
*The Thames rises in the Cotswold Hills. 泰晤士河发源于科茨沃尔德丘陵.
12 (idm 习语) early to bed and early to rise => early. make sb's gorge rise => gorge1. make one's hackles rise => hackles. ,rise and `shine (Brit catchphrase 警语) (usu imperative 通常用于祈使句) get out of bed and be active 快起床. `rise again/from the `dead come to life again after death 复活; 再生
*Christians believe that Jesus rose from the dead on Easter Sunday. 基督徒相信耶稣在那个星期日（後定为复活节）里复活了. rise to the `bait succumb to a lure or temptation 上钩; 中圈套
*As soon as I mentioned money he rose to the bait, and became really interested. 我一提钱他便怦然心动, 上了我的钩. rise to the oc`casion, `challenge, `task, etc prove oneself able to deal with an unexpected situation, problem, etc 有随机应变、克服困难、完成任务等的能 力.
13 (phr v) rise above sth (show oneself to) be superior to sth, capable of dealing with it, etc （表明自己）优于某事物、有能力处理等
*She rose above her difficulties and became a tremendous success. 她战胜了重重困难, 取得了巨大的成功.
Allmusic.com] Retrieved September 23, 2009.
1. Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. 早睡早起，富裕、聪明、身体好。
2. But if no one can be trusted to act in a loyal and responsible manner towards his job, then the business will require armies of administrators, checkers, and foremen, and administrative overheads will rise correspondingly. 但是，如果企业中谁也不可信赖会对工作尽忠守职，那么企业就会需要大批的管理人员、检查人员和带班人员，管理费用就会相应地增加。
3. When do you rise in the morning? 你早上什么时候起床？
4. They were unanimous in asking for a pay rise. 他们一致要求加薪。
5. This modern faith in medicines is proved by the fact that the annual drug bill of the Health Services is mounting to astronomical figures and shows no signs at present of ceasing to rise. 卫生部门的处度药费上升到了天文数字，并且目前尚无停止上升的迹象，这个事实证实了现代人对药物的依赖。
6. This can give rise to curious situations, as it did in the case of Alfred Bloggs who worked as a dustman for the Ellesmere Corporation. 而这常常会引起种种奇怪的现象，在埃尔斯米尔公司当清洁工的艾尔弗雷德.布洛斯就是一个例子。
7. The rise to fame was swift. 这一家迅速出了名。
8. There are plenty of high-rise windowsills to fall from! 有的是高层的窗槛从上往下坠落。
9. The plane was then able to rise and it cleared the mountains by 400 feet. 于是飞机可以上升了，它在离山头400英尺的高度飞越了过去。
10. The poor record of survival, plus public reaction against the media´s use of heart transplants for publicity (and perhaps also entertainment), gave rise to a wave of anti-transplant feelings both in and outside the medical profession. 由于手术后病人存活时间短，加之公共舆论反对新闻界利用心脏移植来进行宣传（甚至娱乐），所以，医学界内外掀起了一股反对心脏移植的浪潮。