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run

美音:[rʌn ]点这儿播放单词美音发声
英音:[rʌn ]点这儿播放单词英音发声
n.跑,赛跑,奔跑,运转,趋向 vi.跑,奔,逃跑,竞选,跑步,蔓延,进行,行驶 vt.使跑,参赛,追究,使流,管理,运行,开动 adj.熔化的,融化的,浇铸的 vbl.run的过去式和过去分词
单词动画

难易程度:

run为小学词汇   词频:1437

词形变化:

动词过去式:ran 过去分词:run 现在分词:running 第三人称单数:runs

近义词, 同义词

run


/rʌn; rʌn/
v (-nn-; pt ran / rn; rAn/, pp run)
1 [I, Ipr, Ip] move at a speed faster than a walk, never having both or all the feet on the ground at the same time 跑; 奔跑
*He cannot run because he has a weak heart. 他有心脏病, 不能跑.
* Can you run fast? 你跑得快吗?
* They turned and ran (ie in order to escape) when they saw he had a gun. 他们看见他有枪, 转身就跑.
* She ran/came running to meet us. 她跑着来接我们.
* I had to run to catch the bus. 我得赶快跑, 好赶上公共汽车.
* She ran out (of the house) to see what was happening. 她(从房子里)跑出去, 看看出了什么事.
* The boys ran off as soon as we appeared. 我们一来, 孩子就都跑了.
* He ran home in tears to his mother. 他流着泪跑回家去找妈妈. =>Usage 见所附用法.
2 (a) [Tn] cover (the specified distance) by running 跑(一段距离)
*Who was the first man to run a mile in under four minutes? 谁第一个在四分钟以内跑完了一英里?
(b) [I, Tn] (in cricket) score (a run or runs) by running between the wickets (板球)击球跑动得(分)
*run a quick single 击球後快跑得到1分
* The batsmen ran two. 击球员得了两分.
3 (a) [I] practise running as a sport 跑步锻炼; 跑步运动
*You're very unfit; you ought to take up running. 你身体很弱, 应该练练跑步.
* She used to run when she was at college. 她上大学时经常练跑步.
(b) [I, Ipr, Tn] ~ (in sth) take part or compete in (a running race) (参加)赛跑
*Aouita will be running (in the
1500 metres) tonight. 奥依塔今晚参加(1500米)赛跑.
* run the mile 参加一英里赛跑
* Cram ran a fine race to take the gold medal. 克拉姆在赛跑中成绩突出夺得金牌.
(c) [Tn] cause (a horse or dog) to take part in a race 使(马或狗)参加赛跑
*run two horses in the Derby 让两匹马参加德比马赛.
(d) [Tn esp passive 尤用于被动语态] cause (a race) to take place 举行(赛跑)
*The Grand National will be run in spite of the bad weather. 尽管天气不好, 一年一度的全国大马赛仍将举行.
4 [Ipr, Ip] go quickly or hurry to the specified place or in the specified direction 迅速地或急迫地前往某处
*run across to a neighbour's house to borrow some sugar 急忙到邻居家去借些糖
* I've been running around (town) all morning looking for Christmas presents. 我(在城里)跑了一上午寻购圣诞节礼物.
5 [Ipr] move forward smoothly or easily, esp on wheels 平稳地或不很费力地向前移动(尤指用轮)
*Trains run on rails. 火车在轨道上行驶.
* Sledges run well over frozen snow. 雪橇在冻硬了的雪上顺利滑行.
6 [Ipr, Ip] (of a ship or its crew) sail or steer in the specified direction (指船)行驶; (指船员)驾船航行
*We ran into port for supplies. 我们驶进港口装补给品.
* The ship ran aground. 船搁浅了.
7 (a) [I, Ipr] (of buses, ferries, trains, etc) travel to and fro on a particular route (指公共汽车、渡船、火车等)(沿规定路线)往来行驶
*Buses to Oxford run every half hour. 去牛津的公共汽车每半小时开一班.
* The trains don't run on Christmas Day. 圣诞节火车停驶.
* There are frequent trains running between London and Brighton. 伦敦与布莱顿之间火车班次很多.
(b) [Tn] cause (buses, trains, etc) to be in service 使(公共汽车、火车等)运营
*London Transport run extra trains during the rush-hour. 伦敦运输公司在交通高峰时 间增开加班列车.
8 [Ipr, Tn.pr, Tn.p] drive (sb) to a place in a car 开车至某处; 开车送(某人)
*It's a lovely sunny day; why don't we run down to the coast? 天气多好哇, 咱们何不开车到海边玩玩?
* Can I run you (ie give you a lift) to the station? 我开车送你去车站好吗?
9 (a) [Ipr] move, esp quickly, in the specified direction 向某方向移动(尤指快速)
*The lorry ran down the hill out of control. 卡车失去控制直往山下冲去.
* The car ran off the road into a ditch. 汽车驶离道路跌进沟中.
* The ball ran (ie rolled) to the boundary. 球向着边线滚去.
* Her eyes ran critically over her friend's new dress. 她以挑剔的眼光打量朋友的新连衣裙.
* A shiver ran down her spine. 她浑身哆嗦了一下.
(b) [Tn.pr] cause (sth) to move in the specified direction 使(某物)向某方向移动
*She ran her fingers nervously through her hair. 她紧张地用手指拢着头发.
* She ran her fingers lightly over the keys of the piano. 她用手指轻轻地弹着钢琴.
* He ran his eyes over the page. 他把这一页看了一遍.
10 [Tn, Tn.pr] bring or take (sth) into a country illegally and secretly; smuggle 非法地秘密运送或携带(某物)进入某国; 走私
*He used to run guns across the border. 他过去经常偷运枪枝过境.
* run contraband goods/liquor into a country 走私违禁物品[偷运私酒]进入某国. =>Usage at smuggle 用法见smuggle.
11 [I] (of salmon) move up a river in large numbers from the sea (指鲑鱼)洄游
*The salmon are running. 鲑鱼正在洄游.
12 [Ipr] (of plants) grow or spread in the specified direction (指植物)蔓生
*Ivy ran over the walls of the cottage. 村舍的墙壁上爬满了常春藤.
13 [Ipr] extend in the specified direction 伸展; 延伸
*A fence runs round the whole field. 有一道篱笆围着这一整块地.
* The road runs parallel to the railway. 这条公路与铁路平行.
* He has a scar running across his left cheek. 他左脸上有一道很长的疤痕.
14 [Ipr] ~ (for...) continue for the specified period of time without stopping 持续; 延续
*The play ran (ie was performed regularly) for six months on Broadway. 这出戏在百老汇连续演了半年.
* Election campaigns in Britain run for three weeks. 英国选举活动持续三周.
15 [Ipr] operate or be valid for the specified period of time (在一定期限内)起作用, 有效
*The lease on my house has only a year to run. 我那房子的租期只有一年了.
16 [I] (of a story, an argument, etc) have the specified wording, content, etc (指叙述、陈述等)有某样言词、内容等
*The story runs that she poisoned her husband/She poisoned her husband, or so the story runs. 据报道说, 她把丈夫毒死了.
* `Ten shot dead by gunmen,' ran the newspaper headline. 报纸标题为`枪手击毙十人'.
17 (a) [Ipr] (of a liquid) flow (指液体)流动
*The River Rhine runs into the North Sea. 莱茵河流入北海.
* The tears ran down her cheeks. 她的脸上淌着眼泪.
* Water was running all over the bathroom floor/The bathroom floor was running with water. 洗澡间水流了一地.
(b) [Tn, Tn.pr, Dn.n, Dn.pr] ~ sth (for sb) cause (a liquid) to flow 使(液体)流动
*She ran hot water into the bowl. 她用碗接点热水.
* run the hot tap 打开热水的水龙头
* Could you run me a hot bath/run a hot bath for me? 你给我放一盆热的洗澡水好吗?
(c) [I] (of a tap, etc) send out a liquid (指水龙头等)流出液体
*Who left the tap running? 谁忘了关水龙头了?
* Your nose is running, ie Mucus is flowing from it. 你流鼻涕了.
* The smoke makes my eyes run. 烟熏得我直流眼泪. =>Usage at drip1 用法见drip1.
(d) [Ipr] ~ with sth (usu in the continuous tenses 通常用于进行时态) be covered with (a flowing liquid) 流满(液体)
*The streets were running with blood after the massacre. 那场大屠杀後街上血流成河.
* His face was running with sweat. 他汗流满面.
18 [I] (of dye or colour in a garment) dissolve and spread (指衣服上的染料或颜色)掉色, 扩散
*I'm afraid the colour ran when I washed your new skirt. 很遗憾, 你那条新裙子我洗的时候掉色了.
19 [I] melt 融化
*It was so hot that the butter ran. 天气太热, 黄油都化了.
* The wax began to run. 蜡开始融化了.
20 [La, I] (of the sea, the tide, a river, etc) rise higher or flow faster (指海水、潮水、河水等)上涨, 流动加快
*The tide was running strong. 潮水涨得很猛.
21 [La] pass into or reach the specified state; become 进入或达到某种状态; 变成
*The water ran cold when I turned the tap on. 我把水龙头打开, 水就凉了.
* The river ran dry (ie stopped flowing) during the drought. 大旱期间这条河都乾了.
* Supplies are running short/low. 供应品短缺.
* I have run short of money. 我缺钱.
22 [Tn] be in charge of (sth); manage 负责(某事物); 经营; 管理
*run a hotel, a shop, a language school 管理旅馆、商店、语言学校
* He has no idea of how to run a successful business. 他不知道把企业办好的方法.
* Stop trying to run (ie organize) my life for me! 我的生活用不着你来管!
23 [Tn] make (a service, course of study, etc) available to people; organize 开办(服务项目、课程等); 举办
*The college runs summer courses for foreign learners of English. 这所学院为学习英语的外国人开设了暑期班.
24 [I, Ipr, Tn, Tn.pr] (cause sth to) operate or function (使某物)运转, 起作用
*Your new car seems to run very nicely. 你的新汽车开起来还很不错.
* (fig 比喻) Her life has run smoothly up to now. 她的生活到目前仍一帆风顺.
* Could you run the engine for a moment? 你让发动机转一会儿好吗?
* I can run my electric razor off (ie with power from) the mains. 我的电动剃刀可以使用交流电.
25 [Tn] own and use (esp a vehicle) 有并使用(尤指交通工具)
*I can't afford to run a car on my salary. 凭我的薪水我是开不起汽车的.
* A bicycle is cheap to run. 使用自行车是很经济的.
26 [I, Ipr] ~ (for sb/sth); ~ (in sth) (esp US) be a candidate in an election (for a political position); stand (for sth) 竞选(某一政治职位); 当(某职务的)候选人
*Reagan ran (for the Presidency) a second time in 1980. 里根于1980年再次竞选(总统).
* How many candidates are running in the Presidential election? 有多少候选人参加总统竞选?
27 [Tn] present or nominate (sb) as a candidate in an election 提出(某人)参加竞选
*How many candidates is the Liberal Party running in the General Election? 自由党在这次大选中提出了多少个候选人?
28 [Tn] (of a newspaper or magazine) print and publish (sth) as an item or a story (指报刊)刊登, 发表
*The `Guardian' is running a series of articles on Third World Economics. 《卫报》发表了论《第三世界的经济》的一系列文章.
29 [I] (esp US) (of a woven or knitted garment) become unwoven or unravelled (指编织的或针织的服装)脱针, 脱线, 抽丝
*Nylon tights sometimes run, ie ladder. 尼龙裤袜有时候抽丝.
30 [La, Ipr] (esp in the continuous tenses 尤用于进行时态) (of an event, a train, etc) happen, arrive, etc at the specified time (指事情等)(在某时候)发生; (指火车等)(在某时刻)到达
*The trains are running an hour late. 火车晚点一个小时.
* Programmes are running a few minutes behind schedule this evening. 今晚的节目演出比预定的时间晚了几分钟.
31 (idm 习语) come running be eager to do what sb wants 渴望做某人想做的事
*If you offer the children rewards for helping they'll all come running. 要是让孩子帮忙做事, 给他们点奖品, 他们就巴不得都来帮忙了. `run for it run in order to escape from sb/sth 逃跑
*Run for it he's got a gun! 快逃吧--他带着枪呢! (For other idioms containing run, see entries for ns, adjs, etc 查阅与run搭配的其他习语, 见有关名词、形容词等的词条, 如 run/take its course => course1; run riot => riot.)
32 (phr v) run across sb/sth meet sb or find sth by chance 偶然遇见某人或发现某事物
*I ran across my old friend Jean in Paris last week. 上周我在巴黎遇见了老朋友琼.

NOTE ON USAGE
*Compare run, trot, jog, gallop, sprint and race. 试比较run、trot、jog、gallop、sprint、race这几个词. When describing movement that is faster than walking, run is the most general verb. 描述比行走快的动作, 最常用的动词是run. People usually run in a race or when they are in a hurry 通常run用于赛跑或有急事的场合
*I was late for the train so I had to run. 我要赶不上火车了, 所以得跑着去. We generally jog for physical exercise, running steadily and not very fast. *jog一般用于健身运动, 跑得稳但不太快. Trot and gallop are mainly used of horses. *trot和gallop主要指马跑. When people trot, they run quite quickly with short steps 若以trot指人, 则意为小步快跑
*The girls spent the afternoon trotting up and down the beach. 姑娘们一下午都在海滩上轻快地跑来跑去. Informally, trot can mean simply to `go' 在口语中, trot可直接地表示go之意
*I'll just trot round to the shops for some bread. 我就到附近商店去买些面包. Gallop is to run fast *gallop指快跑
*He came galloping up the road. 他沿路飞快跑来. Race suggests a need to run very fast, not always in competition *race指有快速跑的必要, 但不一定总是指比赛
*She raced to the window to stop the child jumping out. 她一个箭步跑到窗前, 制止那孩子往外跳. Sprint is to run as fast as possible, usually over a short distance *sprint指尽力快跑, 通常距离较短
*You'll have to sprint if you want to catch the train. 你要想赶上火车, 就得快跑几步.

/rʌn; rʌn/
n
1 [C] act or period of running on foot 跑; 跑步; 奔跑; 奔跑的一段时间
*go for a run every morning 每天早晨跑步
* Catching sight of her, he broke into a run. 他一看见她, 赶紧就跑.
2 instance or period of travelling by car, train, etc 乘汽车、火车等的旅行; 乘车旅行期间
*take the car out for a run in the country 乘汽车去郊外一游
* Oxford to London is about an hour's run by train. 从牛津到伦敦乘火车大约有一小时行程.
3 [C] route taken by vehicles, ships, etc 车、船等行驶的路线
*The boat operates on the Dover-Calais run. 这艘船运行多佛--加莱航线.
4 [C] series of performances 持续的演出
*The play had a good run/a run of six months. 那出戏演了很久[演了半年].
* It's just finished its West End run, ie in the West End of London. 在伦敦西区的长期演出刚刚结束.
5 [C] period or succession; spell 时期; 一段时间
*We've enjoyed an exceptional run of fine weather recently. 我们这里最近天气好极了.
* a run of bad luck, ie a series of misfortunes 一连串的不幸.
6 [C usu sing 通常作单数] ~ on sth sudden demand for sth by many people 许多人一时对某物的需求
*a run on sterling following its rise in value against the dollar 英镑对美元升值後引起的抢购英镑的热潮
* a run on the bank, ie a sudden withdrawal of deposits by many customers 挤兑.
7 [C] (often in compounds 常用以构成复合词) space for domestic animals, fowl, etc (家畜、家禽等的)饲养场
*a `chicken-run 养鸡场
* a `sheep-run, ie an area of pasture for sheep 牧羊场.
8 [C] point scored in cricket or baseball (板球或棒球中所得的)分.
9 [sing] the ~ of sth tendency or trend of sth 趋势; 趋向
*After
40 minutes Spurs scored, against the run of play, ie although they had been playing poorly. 斯珀尔斯队每况愈下, 40分钟後却得了分.
* The run of the cards favoured me, ie I was dealt good cards. 我得到的牌非常好.
* in accordance with the recent run of events, ie the way things have been going recently 按照最近的情况发展.
10 [C] (music 音) series of notes sung or played quickly up or down the scale 急唱; 急奏.
11 [C] track for some purpose 有某种用途的小道
*a `ski-run 滑雪道.
12 [C] = ladder 2.
13 [C] large number of fish in motion 游动的鱼群
*a run of salmon, eg on their way upstream 游动的鲑鱼群(如在溯江洄游途中).
14 the runs [pl] (sl 俚) diarrhoea 腹泻; 拉肚子.
15 (idm 习语) at a `run running 跑(着)
*He started off at a run but soon tired and slowed to a walk. 他跑步出发, 但很快就累得慢下来成了步行. the common, general, ordinary, etc run (of sth) the average type or class 普通的类型或等级
*the common run of mankind, ie ordinary average people 普通人
* a hotel out of the ordinary run, ie better than average 较好的旅馆. give sb/get/have the run of sth give sb/get/have permission to make full use of sth 允许某人[得到许可/获准]充分使用某物
*gave me the run of his library 允许我自由使用他的书房
* He has the run of the house. 他获准使用那所房子. in the long run => long1. make a bolt/dash/run for it/sth => bolt2. on the `run
(a) fleeing from pursuit or capture 奔逃; 逃跑
*He's on the run from the police. 他正在逃避警方的追缉.
* have/keep the enemy on the run 逼得敌人奔窜.
(b) continuously active and moving about 忙碌; 奔波
*I've been on the run all day and I'm exhausted. 我整天忙个不停, 疲于奔命.
* on the run from one office to another 从一个公司的部门到另一个公司的部门. a (good, etc) run for one's `money
(a) challenging competition or opposition 较量; 竞争; 对抗
*They may win the game, but we'll give them a good run for their money. 他们即使能赢得这场比赛, 我们也不会让他们轻易取胜.
(b) reward, interest, enjoyment, etc, esp in return for effort 报偿、利益、满足等(尤指付出努力後所获得者)
*I feel I've had an excellent run for my money (ie a rewarding career) and now I'm happy to retire. 我对我一生的事业十分满意, 现在退休甚为欣慰.
1. Before he got the job, Mr. Torres was determined to escape the workshop run by the Lighthouse (灯塔), an organization dedicated to help people who can't see, and to try to make it on his own.
    得到这份工作之前,他就决心离开"灯塔"所经营的一个工场——"灯塔"是一个专门为盲人提供帮助的机构。他想靠自己的能力去工作。

2. When he was driving along Catford Street recently, he saw two thieves rush out of a shop and run towards a waiting car.
    最近,当他正开车在凯特福德街上行驶时,看到有两个小偷从一家商店里冲出来,奔向等在那里的一辆汽车,

3. With their eyes closed and bodies swaying, they run the course in their minds first, which improves their performance.
    他们闭上眼,摆动身体,在头脑中先把整个滑雪道跑一遍,这能提高他们在实际比赛中的表现。

4. The sudden appearance of a policeman caused the thief to run away.
    警察突然出现, 小偷就逃跑了.

5. The car is economical to run.
    开这辆汽车费用很省。

6. To run a restaurant is a lucrative business.
    经营餐厅是赚钱的生意。

7. Trains run on schedule without mishap.
    列车运行安全正点。

8. The criminal on the run made his submission to the police at last.
    在逃犯最后终于向警方屈服。

9. They run away.
    他们总是逃之夭夭。

10. The people who run and teach at jukus say the schools are popular only because they work, creating a lively and interesting environment in which students learn because they are enjoying themselves.
    在课外学校从事管理和教学的人说,他们学校之所以大受欢迎,乃是因为他们的工作创造了一个活泼而有趣的环境,在这样的环境中,学生因过得愉快而乐于学习。

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