名词:separateness 副词:separately 动词过去式:separated 过去分词:separated 现在分词:separating 第三人称单数:separates
1 ~ (from sth/sb) forming a unit by itself; existing apart 自成一单元的; 单独存在的; 分开的
*The children sleep in separate beds. 孩子都睡在各自的床上.
* Violent prisoners are kept separate from the others. 有暴力行为的囚犯隔离囚禁.
* They lead separate lives, ie do not live or do things together. 他们各自单独生活.
* We can't work together any more; I think it's time we went our separate ways, ie parted. 我们再也不能在一起工作了, 我看得各奔东西了.
2 [usu attrib 通常作定语] different or distinct 不同的; 有区别的
*It happened on three separate occasions. 这件事在三个不同场合都发生过.
* That is a separate issue and irrelevant to our discussion. 这是另一个问题, 同我们的讨论无关.
1 [I, Ipr, Ip, Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p]
(a) ~ (sb/sth) (from sb/sth); ~ sth (up) (into sth) (cause things or people to) come apart; divide （使事物或人与人）分离, 分开
*The two parts of the pipe have separated at the joint. 这个管子从接口处分成两截了.
* The branch has separated from the trunk of the tree. 这个树枝已从树干上脱落了.
* This patient should be separated from the others. 这个病人应该隔离.
* The land has been separated (up) into small plots. 这块地已经分成小块了.
* The children were separated into groups for the game. 那些儿童分成小组做游戏.
(b) ~ (sth) (out) (from sth) (cause sth to) stop being combined in a liquid mixture （使混合液）分离, 离析
*Oil and water always separate out. 油和水总是分开的.
2 [Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth (from sth) lie or stand between (two countries, areas, etc), keeping them apart 从中隔开（两国、两地等）
*A deep gorge separates the two halves of the city. 有一道深谷把这座城市分成两部分.
* England is separated from France by the Channel. 英国和法国之间隔着英吉利海峡.
* (fig 比喻) Politics is the only thing which separates us, ie on which we disagree. 我们只是政治观点相左.
3 [I] (of people) leave each other's company （指人与人）分开, 分手
*We talked until midnight and then separated. 我们一直谈到深夜才分手.
4 [I] stop living together as a married couple （有婚姻关系的双方）分居
*After ten years of marriage they decided to separate. 他们婚後十年决定分居了.
5 (idm 习语) separate the sheep from the goats distinguish good people from bad people 把好人同坏人分开. separate the ,wheat from the `chaff distinguish valuable people or things from worthless ones 把有价值的人或事物同无价值的分开
*We have to sift through the application forms very carefully to separate the wheat from the chaff. 我们得把申请书仔细筛选一下以甄别优劣.
1. But here we come up against the most difficult of all obstacles to contact with people on other planets----the astronomical distances which separate us. 然而，在和外星人联系中我们遇到的最大困难是分隔我们的天文距离。
2. The boxers clinched and the referee had to separate them. 拳击手扭抱在一起, 裁判让他们分开.
3. The children sleep in separate beds. 孩子都睡在各自的床上.
4. The subway is so jammed that police erect barricades so that women can ride in cars separate from men. 地铁非常拥挤，以致于警察不得不设置路障以便妇女能乘上与男人分开的车厢。
5. The dragon curled around the vase, connecting the separate vines. 那条龙在花瓶上盘绕着，把分离的藤蔓都连结了起来。
6. Stalin proposed that Roosevelt move into a separate building in the heavily guarded Soviet Compound, where the meetings could be held in safety. 斯大林建议罗斯福住到戒备森严的苏联大使馆内的一栋楼内，在那里能够很安全地召开会议。
7. Oceania is a separate landmass, but it is separated from Asia by very shallow water. 大洋洲是一块单独的陆地, 但它与亚洲之间只隔着很浅的水域.
8. If I love you, I can see you as a separate person, with your own values and thoughts and feelings, 爱一个人，就是将其视作一个独立的人，有自己的价值观、思想和感情。
9. For more than half an hour 38 respectable Brooklyn, New York citizens watched a man attack and stab (刺杀) a woman three separate times. 在半个多小时的时间里，纽约布鲁克林区38名体面的居民旁观了一名男子三次袭击并最终刺死一名女子的过程。