名词:shortener 动词过去式:shortened 过去分词:shortened 现在分词:shortening 第三人称单数:shortens
v [I, Tn] (cause sth to) become shorter （使某物）变短
*The days are beginning to shorten, eg in autumn. 白天开始变短了（如在秋季）.
* take two links out of the chain to shorten it 取下两个链环把链子弄短
* They want to shorten the time it takes to make the car. 他们想把生产汽车的时间缩短. Cf 参看 lengthen (length).
v [I and T]
to become shorter or make something shorter
≠ lengthen The days are shortening now.shorten to His name is often shortened to Pat.
1. Marx would shorten the miles for his children by telling them stories without end — fantastic tales which he made up as he went along, so that the little ones forgot their fatigue. 马克思还会为孩子们没完没了地讲故事来缩短行程——讲一些他一边走一边编出来的稀奇古怪的故事，这样这些小东西就忘却了她们的疲劳。