1 [C] any type of public entertainment, eg a circus, a theatre performance, or a radio or TV programme 演出; 表演; 节目
*a TV quiz show 电视上的智力竞赛节目
* a comedy show on radio 收音机里的喜剧节目
* She has her own chat show. 她有个个人漫谈节目.
* The most successful shows in the London theatre are often musicals. 伦敦剧院最叫座的剧目往往是歌舞喜剧.
2 [C] public display or exhibition, eg of things in a competition, new products, etc 展览; 展览会
*a flower, horse, cattle show 花卉、马、牛的展览会
* the motor show, ie where new models of cars, etc are displayed汽车展览会
* the Lord Mayor's Show, ie a procession through the streets of London when a new Mayoris appointed 伦敦市长的就职游行. =>Usage at demonstration 用法见demonstration.
3 [C, U]
(a) thing done to give a certain impression, often a false one; outward appearance 表面上做出的样子（常指虚伪的）; 外观
*a show of defiance, strength, friendship, sympathy 做出的蔑视、强大、友好、同情的样子
* His public expressions of grief are nothing but show. 他公开表示悲痛只不过是做做样子而已.
(b) splendid or pompous display 炫耀; 夸示
*a fine show of blossom on the apple trees 苹果树上盛开的花朵
* all the glitter and show of the circus 马戏团的光彩华丽的洋洋大观
* They are too fond of show, ie too ostentatious. 他们太好炫耀.
4 [C usu sing 通常作单数] (Brit infml 口) thing done or performed in a specified way 表现
*a poor show, ie sth done badly 表现不佳
* put up a good show, eg do well in examinations or a contest 表现良好.
5 [C] (infml 口) anything that is happening; organization, business or undertaking 事情; 组织; 事业; 企业
*She runs the whole show. 她负责全部业务.
* Let's get this show moving, ie start work. 咱们先干起来吧.
* This is the manager's show
*you must ask him about it. 这是经理的事
6 (idm 习语) for `show intended to be seen but not used 为了给人看而不是为了使用
*She only has those books for show she never reads them. 她的那些书只是装门面的--她从来不看. ,good `show! (Brit infml 口) (used to express approval or congratulation when sth has been done well 用以表示赞成或祝贺某事干得好)
*You passed your exams? Good show! 你考试及格了? 好极了! on `show being displayed 在展览中; 陈列着
*All the new products were on show at the exhibition. 展览会上陈列着所有的新产品. a show of `hands raising of hands by a group of people to vote for or against sth 举手表决（赞成或反对某事）
*The issue was decided by a show of hands. 这件事是通过举手表决决定的.
* Who is in favour of the proposal? Can I have a show of hands, please? 谁赞成这项建议? 请大家举手表决好吗? steal the scene/show =>steal. stop the show =>stop1.
v (pt showed, pp shown / FEUn; Fon/ or, rarely, 罕读作 showed)
1 (a) [Tn, Cn.a, Cn.g, Dn.n, Dn.pr] ~ sb/sth (to sb) cause sb/sth to be seen; display sb/sth 使某人[某物]被看见; 显示或展示某人[某物]
*You must show your ticket at the barrier. 必须在检票处出示票.
* The film is being shown at the local cinema. 本地影院正在上映这部电影.
* Her paintings are being shown (ie exhibited) at a gallery in London. 她的画正在伦敦的一个美术馆里展出.
* The photo shows her dressed in black. 在这张照片里, 她穿着黑衣服.
* In the portrait he is shown lying on a sofa. 在这张画像中画着他躺在沙发上.
* He showed me his pictures. 他给我看了他的照片.
* She has shown them to all her friends. 她把那些东西给她所有的朋友都看过了.
(b) [Tn, Tf, Tw] allow (sth) to be seen; reveal 使（某物）被看见; 显露
*A dark suit doesn't show the dirt so much. 黑色的套装禁脏.
* My shoes are showing signs of wear. 我的鞋已经显得旧了.
2 [I, Ipr, Ip] be visible or noticeable 看得见; 可察觉出
*Your petticoat is showing, Jane. 简, 你的衬裙露出来了.
* Does the scar still show? 伤疤还看得出来吗?
* His fear showed in his eyes. 他眼里露出恐惧的目光.
* Her laziness showed in her exam results. 她平时懒惰从她的考试成绩可以看得出来.
* His shirt was so thin that his vest showed through (it). 他的衬衫很薄, 连里面穿的背心都能看见.
3 [Tn no passive 不用于被动语态, Dn.n, Dn.w] point (sth) out; indicate 指出（某物）; 指示; 告知
*The clock shows half past two. 时钟的针指着两点半.
* Show me which picture you drew. 告诉我哪张是你画的.
4 [Tn no passive 不用于被动语态]
(a) ~ itself be visible 呈现; 可看出
*His annoyance showed itself in his face. 从他的脸上可以看出他有烦恼.
* The sun didn't show itself all day. 一整天没出太阳.
(b) ~ oneself be present; appear 出席; 出现
*He showed himself briefly at the party. 他在聚会上匆匆露了一面.
* The leader rarely shows herself in public. 这位领导她很少在公众场合露面.
5 [Tn, Dn.n, Dn.pr] treat (sb) with (kindness, respect, cruelty, etc); give; grant 对（某人）（和蔼、尊敬、残忍等）; 给; 施予
*The king often shows mercy (to prisoners). 这位国王常（对囚犯）大发慈悲.
* The priest showed me great understanding. 神父对我非常理解.
* They showed nothing but contempt for him. 他们对他轻蔑已极.
6 [Tn, Cn.a, Cn.n no passive 不用于被动语态] give evidence or proof of being or having (sth) 证明、证实或表明为或有（某特质）
*show no signs of intelligence 表现得一点也不聪明
* a soldier who showed great courage/showed himself to be very brave 表现得非常勇敢的士兵
* She showed herself unable to deal with money. 她做出的事表明她不善理财.
* He showed himself (to be) a dishonest rascal. 他的表现证明他是个无赖.
7 [Tn, Tf, Tw, Tnt, Dn.n, Dn.pr, Dn.f, Dn.w] ~sth (to sb) make sth clear; demonstrate sth; prove sth 使某事物清楚; 阐明或证明某事物
*show the falseness of her claims/that her claims are false 证明她的说法不确
* show (him) how to do it/what to do 告诉（他）如何做[做什么]
* His expression shows how unhappy he is. 他的表情说明他非常不愉快.
* Her new book shows her to be a first-rate novelist. 她的新书表明她是第一流的小说家.
* They were shown the tragedy of war. 他们了解到了战争的悲惨.
* She showed her methods of analysis to her pupils. 她向学生展示自己的分析方法.
8 [Tn.pr, Tn.p] lead or conduct (sb) to the specified place or in the specified direction 引领（某人）; 引导; 指引
*We were shown into the waiting-room. 把我们带到了候客室.
* Please show this lady out (of the building). 请把这位太太送出去.
* The usherette showed us to our seats. 女引座员把我们带到座位上.
* Our trained guides will show you round (the museum). 我们这些训练有素的导游来带你们参观（博物馆）.
9 [Tn no passive 不用于被动语态] (infml 口) prove one's ability or worth to (sb) 向（某人）证实自己有能力或价值
*They think I can't win, but I'll show them. 他们认为我赢不了, 但我要让他们看看.
10 (sl 俚 esp US) appear; show up 出现; 露面
*I waited for you all morning but you never showed. 我整个上午都在等你, 但是没见到你的影子.
11 [I] (US) win a place (third or better) in a horse race 赛马中得名次（前三名）.
12 (idm 习语) do/show sb a kindness =>kindness (kind1). fly/show/wave the flag =>flag1. go to `show serve to prove or demonstrate 用以证明或显示
*You've got no money now. It all/only goes to show you shouldn't gamble. 你现在没钱了, 这完全证明你不应该赌博. show (sb) a clean pair of `heels (infml often joc 口, 常作戏谑语) run away 跑掉; 溜之大吉. show sb the `door ask sb to leave 叫某人离开; 逐出
*After having insulted his host, he was shown the door. 他侮辱了主人, 结果被轰了出去. show one's `face appear before people 露面
*She daren't show her face in the street. 她不敢在街上露面. show one's `hand/`cards reveal one's intentions or plans 表明意图或计画
*I suspect they're planning something but they haven't shown their hand yet. 我怀疑他们在策画什么事, 但是他们还没表露出来. show sb/know/learn the ropes =>rope. show a `leg (infml joc 口, 谑) get out of bed 起床. show one's teeth use one's power or authority to intimidate or punish sb 用权力或权威来吓唬或惩罚某人. show (sb) the `way
(a) tell sb how to get to a certain place 告诉（某人）怎样到达某处
*show him the way to the station 告诉他到车站怎么走.
(b) be an example to sb 成为某人的榜样
*Let's hope her bravery will show the way for other young people. 希望她的英雄行为能成为年轻人的榜样. show the white `feather act in a cowardly way; show fear 示弱; 胆怯. show `willing show that one is ready to do sth, eg work hard, help, etc 表示愿意做某事（如努力工作、帮助别人等）
*I don't think I'm needed as a helper, but I'll go anyway, just to show willing. 我想并不需要我帮忙, 但我还是要去, 以示诚意. (have) something, nothing, etc to show for sth (have) something, nothing, etc as a result of sth 在某事物上有些、没有成果等
*All those years of hard work, and nothing to show for it! 苦干了那么多年, 却拿不出成绩来.
* I've only got
100 to show for all the stuff I sold. 我卖了那么多东西, 只得到区区100英镑.
13 (phr v) show off (infml often derog 口, 常作贬义) try to impress others with one's abilities, wealth, intelligence, etc 炫耀自己的能力、财富、智慧等
*Do stop showing off it's embarrassing. 快别卖弄了--太难为情了.
* The child danced around the room, showing off to everybody. 那个孩子满屋子跳舞, 向大家显派一番. show sb/sth off draw people's attention to sb/sth 吸引大家注意某人[某事物]
*a dress that shows off her figure well 能充分衬托出她那身段的连衣裙
* She was showing off her new husband at the party. 她在聚会上引着大家注意她的新郎.
* He likes showing off how well he speaks French. 他喜欢引人注意到他法语说得非常好. show up (infml 口) arrive, often after a delay; appear 到来（通常在耽搁一段时间後）; 出现
*It was ten o'clock when he finally showed up. 十点钟时他终于到了.
* We were hoping for a full team today but only five players showed up. 今天我们希望全体队员都到齐, 但结果只到了五个人. show (sth) up (cause sth to) become visible （使某物）显现出来
*The dust on the shelf shows up in the sunlight. 在阳光照射下能看见架子上有灰尘.
* Close inspection shows up the cracks in the stonework. 仔细观察就能发现这石雕中有裂缝. show sb up (infml 口) make sb feel embarrassed by behaving badly in his company 因举止失当使某人羞与为伍
*He showed me up by falling asleep at the concert. 他在音乐会上睡着了, 弄得我很难为情. show sb up (as/for sth/to be sth) show sb to be (dishonest, disreputable, etc) 显露某人（不诚实、不名誉等）
*His diary shows him up as/shows him up to have been a greedy, arrogant man. 他的日记暴露出他又贪婪又傲慢.