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stand

美音:[stænd ]点这儿播放单词美音发声
英音:[stænd ]点这儿播放单词英音发声
n.停止,抵抗的状态,立场,立足点,看台,架子,台 v.站,立,站起,(使)竖立,(使)位于,维持不变,持久,经受
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难易程度:

stand为小学词汇   词频:2739

词形变化:

动词过去式:stood 过去分词:stood 现在分词:standing 第三人称单数:stands 名词:stander

近义词, 同义词

相关词

base  bear  continue  endure  get-up  last  pedestal  persist  remain  rise  stay  table  tolerate  sit    

stand


/stænd; stænd/
n
1 [sing] stationary condition; halt or standstill 停止的状态; 中止; 停顿
*come to a stand 停下来.
2 [sing] position taken up; act or instance of standing 立脚点; 站立
*He took his stand (ie stood) near the window. 他站在窗旁.
3 [C] (period of time of) resistance to attack 抵抗; 抵御; 抵抗时期
*the rebels' last stand 叛乱者的最後抵抗
* a stand of sixty days 六十天的抵抗.
4 [C] (often in compounds 常用以构成复合词) small piece of furniture (eg a rack, pedestal, frame, etc) on or in which sth may be placed (置物的)架, 座, 台
*a `hat/an um`brella/a `coat stand 帽[伞/衣]架
* a `cake stand 糕饼架
* a `music-stand, ie for supporting sheet music while it is being played 乐谱架.
5 [C]
(a) structure (eg a table or kiosk) from which goods are sold; stall 货摊; 售货亭
*a `news-stand 报摊
* a market stand 集市的货摊.
(b) area or structure where things are displayed, exhibited, advertised, etc 摊位(用于陈列、展览、宣传等目的的)
*one of the stands at a book fair 书展中的一个摊位.
6 [C] place where vehicles may stand in a line in a street, etc while waiting for passengers (街道等处的)车辆候客处
*a `taxi-stand 计程车站
* a stand for six taxis 有六个车位的计程车候客处.
7 [C often pl 常作复数] large, usu sloping, structure at a sports ground, racecourse etc, with rows of seats for spectators 看台
*A cheer rose from the south stand(s). 南看台上响起一片欢呼声. =>illus at Association football (association) 见Association football (association)插图. Cf 参看 grandstand (grand).
8 [C] stop made for a performance by a touring theatrical company, pop group, etc (巡回演出的剧团、流行乐乐队等的)停留演出
*a series of ,one-night `stands 演一晚换一处的巡回演出.
9 [C usu sing 通常作单数] (US) witness-box (in a lawcourt) 证人席
*take the stand 作证.
10 (idm 习语) make a stand (against/for sth/sb) be ready to resist, fight, argue, etc 准备抵抗、格斗、争论等
*make a stand against the enemy 摆开架势迎击敌人
* make a stand for one's principles 准备为维护自己的原则而争斗. take a/one's stand (on sth) declare one's position, opinion, etc (on sth) 宣布(对某事物的)立场、意见等; 表明态度
*She took a firm stand on nuclear disarmament. 她在核裁军的问题上态度很坚决.

/stænd; stænd/
v (pt, pp stood / stUd; stJd/)
* UPRIGHT POSITION OR EXTENSION 直立的姿势或状态
1 [I] have, take or keep an upright position 站立; 直立; 站着
*She was too weak to stand. 她虚弱得站不起来.
* A chair will not stand on two legs. 椅子只用两条腿着地是立不住的.
* Don't stand there arguing about it. 不要站在那儿争论这件事.
* Stand still while I take your photograph. 我给你拍照时, 站着不要动.
* After the bombing only a few houses were left standing. 轰炸之後, 只剩下几所房子没倒塌.
2 [I, Ip] ~ (up) rise to one's feet 起立; 站起来
*Everyone stood (up) when the Queen entered. 女王进来时大家都站起来了.
* We stood (up) to see better. 我们站了起来, 好看得清楚些.
* Stand up, please! 请起立!
3 [Tn.pr, Tn.p] put (sth/sb) in an upright position; place 使(某物[某人])直立; 放置
*Don't stand cans of petrol near the fire. 不要把汽油罐放在近火处.
* Stand the ladder (up/upright) against the wall. 把梯子竖起来靠在墙上.
* I stood the child on a stool so that she could reach the shelf. 我把孩子抱到凳子上, 她就能够到那架子了.
4 [In/pr] have a specified height 高度为...
*He stands six foot two. 他身高六英尺二英寸.
* The tower stands fifty metres. 这座塔高五十米.
* BEING OR REMAINING IN A PLACE OR CONDITION 处于某地方或某状况
5 [I] be in a certain place; be situated 在某处; 位于
*a clock standing on the sideboard 在餐具柜上的钟
* A tall poplar tree once stood here. 这儿曾经有过一棵高大的白杨树.
* (fig 比喻) Where do you stand (ie What is your opinion) on these issues? 对这些问题你有什么看法?
6 [I] (of a vehicle, etc) remain in the same place (指车辆等)停着
*a train standing in the station 停在车站里的火车
* The car stood at the traffic lights for a few moments, then moved off. 那辆汽车在交通灯前停了一会儿, 然後驶去了.
7 [I] remain unchanged; remain valid 维持原状; 保持效力
*Let the words stand. 不要改动这些字.
* The agreement must stand, ie cannot be altered or cancelled. 这合约决不能动.
* My offer still stands. 我提出的愿效劳的想法仍然未变.
8 (a) [La, Ln, I] be in a certain condition or situation 处于某种状态或情形
*The house has stood empty for months. 那所房子空了几个月了.
* The emergency services stand (ie are) ready to help if necessary. 紧急救难处随时可以驰援.
* She stood convicted of fraud. 她被判犯有诈骗罪.
* I stand corrected, ie accept that I was mistaken and that the person who corrected me is right. 我接受指正.
* She stands high in the esteem of (ie is greatly respected by) her colleagues. 她深受同事的尊敬.
* (fml 文) Will you stand (ie be) godmother to the child? 你愿意做这个孩子的教母吗?
* As things stand, there is little chance of a settlement in the dispute. 就目前情况看, 解决这一纠纷的希望不大.
(b) [Ipr] ~ at sth be at a certain level, point of a scale, etc 处于某水平; 指向某一点
*The clock stands at ten to four. 那个钟上的时间是三点五十分.
* The fund stands at 500, ie there is
500 in it. 这项基金有500英镑.
9 [It] be in a situation where one is likely to do sth 看情形很可能做某事
*stand to win, lose, gain, etc 很可能赢、输、获利等
* You stand to make a lot of money from this deal. 你做这笔交易准能赚很多钱.
10 [I] (of a liquid, mixture, etc) remain still; not flow or be disturbed (指液体、混合料等)处于静止状态, 不流动
*standing pools of rainwater 一汪汪下雨积的水
* Mix the batter and let it stand for twenty minutes. 和好面糊, 搁二十分钟.
* OTHER MEANINGS 其他意义
11 [no passive 不用于被动语态
*Tn, Tt, Tg, Tsg] (esp in negative sentences and in questions, with can/could; not in the continuous tenses 尤用于否定句和疑问句中, 与can/could连用, 不用于进行时态) endure sth/sb; bear 忍受某事物; 容忍某人的行为; 经受得起
*He can't stand hot weather. 他受不住炎热的天气.
* My nerves won't stand the strain much longer. 这么紧张, 我的神经快吃不消了.
* She says she will stand no nonsense, ie will not put up with foolish behaviour. 她说她决不容忍荒唐的行为.
* I can't stand (ie I strongly dislike) him. 我对他忍无可忍.
* She couldn't stand to be told what to do. 她不容别人指使她.
* He can't stand being kept waiting. 让他等着, 他可不干.
* I can't stand him interrupting all the time. 他老是插嘴, 真让我受不了.
12 [Tn no passive 不用于被动语态, Dn.n] provide (sth) for sb at one's own expense 自己付钱向某人提供(某物)
*stand drinks all round, ie pay for drinks for everyone 请大家喝饮料
* She was kind enough to stand us a meal. 她慷慨地请我们吃了顿饭.
13 (esp Brit) (also esp US run) [I, Ipr] ~ (for sth) be a candidate in an election 任候选人
*She stood unsuccessfully in the local elections. 她在地方选举中落选了.
* stand for parliament 为议会议员候选人
* stand for President 参加总统竞选.
14 [I, Ipr, Ip] (nautical 海) steer a specified course in a ship (船航行时)取某航向
*stand westward (for the island) 向西(朝着那个岛)航行.
15 (idm 习语) stand well, etc with sb have a specified type of relationship with sb 与某人相处得...
*Do you stand well with your boss? 你同上司相处得好吗?
* I don't know how I stand with her. 我不知道她对我有什么看法. (For other idioms containing stand, see entries for ns, adjs, etc 查阅与stand搭配的其他习语见有关名词、形容词等的词条, 如 stand trial (for sth) => trial; stand fast => fast2.)
16 (phr v) stand a`side
(a) move to one side 站到一边去; 让开
*stand aside to let sb pass 站在一边让某人通过.
(b) take no part in events; do nothing 不参与; 不行动; 不做事
*Don't stand aside and let others do all the work. 不要什么都不干, 事情都让别人做.
(c) withdraw, eg as a candidate in an election 退出(如竞选中)
*stand aside in favour of another applicant 退出而有利于另一候选人.
1. We communicate a great deal, researchers have found, with our bodies — by the way we move, sit, stand and what we do with our hands and heads.
    研究者发现,我们用形体进行着大量的交流 -- 通过我们移动、坐和站的方式,以及我们的手和头的动作。

2. The fire fighters enjoined the onlookers to stand clear.
    消防员让围观者让开。

3. The family could not stand the rigor of the long cold winter.
    这个家忍受不了漫长而寒冷的冬天。

4. The sentry shouted , " Stand off , or I will shoot.
    "哨兵喝道:“走开,不然我要开枪了。

5. The continents form rugged tablelands which stand nearly three miles above the floor of the open ocean.
    大陆构成了崎岖不平的高地, 这些高地几乎高出广阔的海洋的洋底3英里.

6. The continents form rugged tablelands which stand nearly three miles above the floor of the open ocean.
    大陆是崎岖不平的高地,高出辽阔的海洋海底近三英里。

7. Like adolescents they stand before the mirror, and still cannot fathom the exact outline of the vision before them.
    犹如希腊神话中那位漂亮的少年,站在镜前,不能辨认自身的真面目。

8. This is a moving spectacle, for crowds of people stand on the shore watching the lanterns drifting away until they can be seen no more.
    这是一个感人的场面,人们成群地伫立在海岸上,注视着灯笼远去,直到再也看不见为止。

9. Try and stand up.
    试试站起来。

10. These vast buildings stand on each side of Tian An Men Square.
    这两大建筑分别矗立在天安门广场的两侧。

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