1 thing used as a test or measure for weights, lengths, quality, purity, etc 标准; 水准; 规格; 规范
*the standard of height required for recruits to the police force 加入警察队伍的身高标准
* an international standard of weight 国际重量标准
* the monetary standard, ie the proportions of fine metal and alloy in gold and silver coins （金银币的）法定成分
* People were very poor then, by today's standards, ie compared with people today. 以今天的标准而言, 那时候的人很穷.
2 (often pl 常作复数) required, expected or accepted level of quality （要求的或认可的）水平, 水准
*a restaurant with a low standard of hygiene 卫生水准低的餐馆
* a high moral standard 很高的道德水准
* set low standards of behaviour 定下很低的行为标准
* conform to the standards of society, ie live and behave in a way that is acceptable to others in society 符合社会的规范.
3 (a) average quality 平均质量
*The standard of her work is high. 她的工作质量很高.
(b) specified level of proficiency 熟练程度; 业务水平
*His work does not reach the standard required. 他的工作成绩达不到要求.
4 (a) distinctive ceremonial flag, esp one to which loyalty is given （礼仪性的）旗, 旗帜（尤指效忠的对象）
*the royal standard 王旗.
(b) carved figure, image, etc fixed to a pole and carried (esp formerly) by an army going into battle 军队（尤指旧时）作战时用的标竿（顶端有雕像等）
*a Roman standard 罗马军队的标竿.
5 upright pole or stand, esp one used as a support 直立的柱子或台座; （尤指）支柱, 基座.
6 tree or shrub that has been grafted on an upright stem (contrasted with a bush or climbing plant) 嫁接于直干上的树或无主茎灌木（与灌木丛或攀缘植物相对而言）
*[attrib 作定语] standard roses 嫁接在树干上的玫瑰.
7 (idm 习语) be up to/below `standard be equal to/not so good as what is normal, required, etc 达到[未达到]标准
*Their work is not up to standard. 他们的工作成绩不够标准.
adj [esp attrib 尤作定语]
1 serving as, used as or conforming to a standard(1) 标准的; 符合标准的
*standard sizes of paper, units of weight, etc 纸的标准尺寸、标准重量单位.
2 average, normal or usual; not special or unusual 普通的; 正常的; 一般的
*the standard model of a car, ie not the de luxe model, etc 普通型的汽车（非豪华型的）
* This procedure is standard. 这一手续是正常的.
3 of generally recognized and accepted authority or merit 公认为权威的或优秀的
*This is the standard textbook on the subject. 这是这一科的权威性课本.
4 (of spelling, pronunciation, grammar, etc) widely accepted as the usual form （指拼法、读音、语法等）规范的
*standard English 规范的英语.
1. Both the cost and the standard of living were lower before the war. 战前生活费用和生活水准都比较低.
2. They set a standard for everybody to emulate. 他们为每人设立了赶超标准。
3. There is a standard form of oath used in lawcourts. 法庭中使用的誓词有固定的格式.
4. They understood instinctively that integrity involves having a personal standard of morality and boundaries that does not sell out to convenience and that is not relative to the situation at hand. 他们生来就认为，所谓正直，就是有自己的道德界定标准，既不贪财图利，也不因所处的环境而妥协。
5. The sole standard for being first at something was simply not having heard that somebody else had done it. 衡量是否"第一"的惟一标准就是没听说别人做过。
6. Their language is of unknown origin and cannot be placed within any standard classification. 他们的语言起源不明，也无法根据任何通常分类来归类。
7. Not only was the meal well below the usual standard, but Bessie seemed unable to walk steadily. 结果，不仅饭菜远不如平时做得好，而且贝西走起路来似乎东倒西歪。
8. Now that I am older, I believe that is a proper standard by which to judge people, even though I still don't know precisely what a "good heart" is. 现在我长大成人了，我开始相信这正是判断一个人的恰如其分的标准，虽然我还没有确切理解什么是"好心"。
9. As a great many people will be visiting the country, the government will be building new hotels, an immense stadium, and a new Olympic-standard swimming pool. 由于将有大批的人到我们国家来，所以政府准备建造一些新的饭店、一个大型体育场和一个新的奥运会标准游泳池。
10. A standard criticism of sociological research is that it goes to great lengths to prove what most people with common sense already know. 社会学研究的标准评论往往会不遗余力地去证明那些大多数有常识的人已经知道了的东西。