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wear

美音:[wɛə ]点这儿播放单词美音发声
英音:[wɛə ]点这儿播放单词英音发声
vt.穿,戴 v.(~ out) 磨损,用旧,(~ out) 穿着
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难易程度:

wear为小学词汇   词频:714

词形变化:

动词过去式:wore 过去分词:worn 现在分词:wearing 第三人称单数:wears 名词:wearer

近义词, 同义词

相关词

corrode  decay  deteriorate  don  have-on    

wear


/weə(r); wɛr/
n [U]
1 wearing or being worn as clothing 穿着; 戴着; 佩带着
*a suit for everyday wear 一套日常穿的衣服
* Cotton is suitable for wear in summer. 棉制品适于夏季穿用.
2 (esp in compounds 尤用以构成复合词) things for wearing; clothing 穿戴的衣物:`children's/`ladies' wear 儿童的[女用的]衣物
* `menswear男装
* `underwear 内衣
* `footwear 鞋袜
* `sportswear 运动服装.
3 (damage or loss of quality caused by) use 使用; 用损; 用坏
*These shoes are showing (signs of) wear. 这双鞋(看样子)穿坏了.
* The carpet gets very heavy wear. 这块地毯已严重磨损.
4 capacity for continuing to be used 耐用性
*There is still a lot of wear left in that old coat. 那件旧大衣还可以穿很久.
5 (idm 习语) ,wear and `tear damage, deterioration, strain, etc caused by ordinary use (正常使用造成的)损坏, 损耗, 用坏
*The insurance policy does not cover damage caused by normal wear and tear. 保险单内容不包括正常使用所导致的损坏. the worse for wear => worse.

/weə(r); wɛr/
v (pt wore / wR:(r); wRr/, pp worn /wR:n; wRrn/)
1 [Tn, Tn.pr, Cn.a] have (sth) on one's body, esp as clothing, as an ornament, etc 穿戴, 佩带(衣物等); 留, 蓄(毛发等)
*wear a beard, coat, hat, ring, watch 留胡须、穿大衣、戴帽子、戴戒指、戴手表
* Bowler hats are not often worn nowadays. 现在戴常礼帽的已不多见了.
* She was wearing sun-glasses. 她戴着墨镜.
* She never wears green, ie green clothes. 她从不穿绿色的衣服.
* He wore a gold chain round his neck. 他戴着金项链.
* She wears her hair long, ie has long hair. 她留着长发. =>Usage 见所附用法.
2 [Tn] have (a certain look) on one's face (脸上)流露(某种神态)
*He/His face wore a puzzled frown. 他皱着眉显出不解的样子.
* (fig 比喻) The house wore a neglected look. 这所房子像是无人照管的样子.
3 [Tn] (infml 口) (esp in questions and negative sentences 尤用于疑问句和否定句) accept or tolerate (sth, esp sth that one does not approve of) 同意或容忍(尤指不赞成的事物)
*He wanted to sail the boat alone but his parents wouldn't wear it. 他要独自驾驶船航行, 但他父母不让.
4 [La, I, Tn, Tn.pr, Cn.a] (cause sth to) become damaged, useless or reduced by being used, rubbed, etc (使某物)用损, 用坏, 磨损, 消耗
*The sheets have worn thin in the middle. 床单的中间部分磨薄了.
* The carpets are starting to wear. 地毯渐渐磨坏了.
* That coat is starting to look worn. 那件大衣已显得旧了.
* The lettering on the gravestone was badly worn and almost illegible. 墓碑上的文字已严重磨损难以辨认.
* I have worn my socks into holes. 我的袜子穿破了.
* The stones had been worn smooth by the constant flow of water. 这些石头不断经流水冲刷已很光滑.5 [Tn.pr] make (a hole, groove, path, etc) in sth by constant rubbing, dripping, etc (某物因不断磨擦、受水滴侵蚀等)造成(洞、沟、道等)
*I've worn holes in my socks. 我的袜子穿破了.
* Look at the holes that have been worn in this rug. 瞧瞧这块小地毯上磨出的洞.
* The children have worn a path across the field where they walk each day to school. 这些孩子每天上学穿过田地踩出了一条路.
* The water had worn a channel in the rock. 水把岩石冲出了一条沟.
6 [I] endure or be capable of enduring continued use 耐用
*You should choose a fabric that will wear well, ie last a long time. 你应该挑选耐穿的料子.
* (fig 比喻) Despite her age she had worn well, ie still looked quite young. 别看她岁数大, 可长得少相.
7 (idm 习语) wear one's ,heart on one's `sleeve allow one's emotions, esp one's love for sb, to be seen 流露出感情; (尤指)对某人示爱. wear `thin begin to fail 逐渐失去作用或消失
*My patience is beginning to wear very thin. 我有些不耐烦了.
* Don't you think that joke's wearing a bit thin (ie because we've heard it so many times)? 你不觉得那个笑话已经没什么意思了吗? wear the `pants/`trousers (often derog 常作贬义)(usu of a woman) be the dominant person in a relationship, esp a marriage (通常指女子)作主, 当家, 掌权(尤指婚姻关系)
*It's quite clear who wears the trousers in that house! 很清楚那家谁说了算!
8 (phr v) wear (sth) away (cause sth to) become thin, damaged, weak, etc by constant use (使某物)用薄、用细、用坏或用旧等
*The inscription on the coin had worn away. 铸造在硬币上的文字已经磨损.
* The steps had been worn away by the feet of thousands of visitors. 参观的人成千上万, 把台阶踩得不像样子了. wear (sth) down (cause sth to) become gradually smaller, thinner, etc (使某物)逐渐变小、变细、变薄等
*The tread on the tyres has (been) worn down to a dangerous level. 轮胎胎面花纹已经磨损得到了能发生危险的地步了. wear sb/sth down weaken sb/sth by constant attack, nervous strain, etc (因不断攻击、精神紧张等)使某人[某事物]衰弱
*She was worn down by overwork. 她因过度劳累而垮了下来.
* The strategy was designed to wear down the enemy's resistance. 这一策略旨在逐步削弱敌人的抵抗力. wear(sth) off (cause sth to) disappear or be removed gradually(使某事物)逐渐消失或除去
*The dishwasher has worn the glaze off the china. 这些瓷器经常用洗碗机清洗, 光泽都消失了.
* The novelty will soon wear off, ie It is only attractive because it is new. 这种新奇的感觉很快就会消失.
* The pain is slowly wearing off. 疼痛的感觉正在 慢慢消退. wear on (of time) pass, esp tediously (指时间)过去(尤指觉得沉闷)
*As the evening wore on, she became more and more nervous. 当晚的时间过得很慢, 她越来越紧张了.
* His life was wearing on towards its close. 他的生命即将完结. wear (sth) out (cause sth to) become useless, threadbare or exhausted through use (使某事物)用得不能再用、用坏或耗尽
*I wore out two pairs of boots on the walking tour. 我徒步旅行穿坏了两双靴子.
* Her patience had/was at last worn out. 她终于忍无可忍了. wear sb out cause sb to become exhausted; tire sb out 使某人精疲力竭或厌烦
*They were worn out after a long day spent working in the fields. 他们在地里干了一整天的活儿, 累得疲惫不堪.
* Just listening to his silly chatter wears me out. 我听着他无聊的话把我烦透了.

NOTE ON USAGE 用法
*We wear clothes, including gloves and scarves, also belts, spectacles, even perfume on our bodies *wear这个动词用以表示穿衣物, 包括戴手套、围巾, 还用于系腰带、戴眼镜, 甚至喷洒香水
*Do you have to wear a suit at work? 你们上班得穿西装吗?
* She was wearing her mother's coat. 她穿着她母亲的大衣.
* Are you wearing aftershave? 你刮完胡子搽润肤液吗? We carry objects when we take them with us, especially in our hands or arms *carry这个动词用以表示随身携带东西, 尤指用手或手臂
*He wasn't wearing his raincoat, he was carrying it over his arm. 他没穿着雨衣而是把它搭在胳膊上.
* She always carries an umbrella in her briefcase. 她总是在公事包里带着一把伞.
1. Beautiful combs, pure tortoiseshell, with jewels set in-just the colour to wear in her beautiful hair.
    多么好看的梳子,纯玳瑁做的,镶着铢宝,颜色恰好配上她那美丽的头发.

2. But women always wear uncomfortable shoes!
    可是女人们总是穿不舒适的鞋子!

3. Believe me, all the girls at school wear makeup.
    给您说实话吧,学校的女孩子都化妆,

4. By using pain-killing drugs that wear off quickly and a simple pain medicine, patients weren't driven into a long sleep and could breathe on their own sooner.
    使用药性消失得快的止痛药和简单的止痛片,病人不会沉睡太久,而且能更快恢复自行呼吸。

5. Wear a straw hat and bring a mug with you.
    你要戴上草帽,带上杯子。

6. We ask the cat whether we should wear the blue suit or the yellow dress.
    我们问猫儿今天该穿蓝色套装还是黄色裙装,

7. The organisms such as trees must be in the nature of things ´wear out´.
    象树这样的有机体一定具有耗尽的性质.

8. They have also assumed that all animals, and probably other organisms such as trees, or even the universe itself, must in the nature of things ´wear out´.
    人们不但认识到所有的动物,大概也认识到所有的有机物。如树木,甚至宇宙本身,从事物的本质上来说都会"磨损掉"。

9. To protect themselves from the icy water, they had to wear special rubber suits.
    湖水冰冷刺骨,他们必须穿上一种特制的橡皮服以保护自己。

10. The eleven-year-old girl who dresses like a college student and the forty-year-old woman who dresses like a teenager are saying something through what they wear.
    一个十一岁的小姑娘穿得像个大学生,或是一个四十岁的女人穿得像个十几岁的少女,他们都在通过自己的穿着表达着什么。

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