1 [C, U] (also the wind) (used with a or in the plural when referring to the type of wind or its direction, etc; used with much, little, etc when referring to its strength, etc 指风的种类或方向等时, 与不定冠词a连用或用复数形式; 指风的强度时与much、little等连用) air moving as a result of natural forces 风; 气流
*A gust of wind blew my hat off. 一阵风把我的帽子刮掉了.
* The day was very still, without a breath of wind. 天空十分平静, 一点风都没有.
* a north wind, ie one that blows from the north 北风
* warm southerly winds 温暖的南风
* The wind has dropped (ie is less strong) now. 风势现已减弱.
2 [U] smell carried by the wind （空气传送的）气味
*The deer have got our wind. 鹿已闻到我们的气味了.
3 [U] breath, esp as needed for continuous exercise or for sounding a musical instrument呼吸（尤指运动时的或吹奏乐器时的）
*The runner had to stop and regain her wind, ie wait until she could breathe more easily. 那个女的跑着半截停下来喘大气.
4 [U] air that has been swallowed with food or drink, or gas that forms in the stomach or intestines and causes discomfort; flatulence （肠胃中的）气
*get a baby's wind up, ie cause it to belch by stroking or patting its back 让婴儿胃里的气出来（拍抚其後背使之打嗝）.
5 [U] useless or boastful talk 无用的或吹嘘的话; 空话
*He's just full of wind, the pompous fool! 他空话连篇, 是个自负的蠢材!
6 the wind [Gp, sing] (players of the) wind instruments in an orchestra （管弦乐队的）管乐器（吹奏者）
*[attrib 作定语] the wind section 管乐组.
7 (idm 习语) break `wind (euph 婉) expel air from the intestines through the anus 放屁. the eye of the wind/wind's eye => eye1. get one's second `wind feel strong again after getting very tired 极疲倦後重新感到有精力
*I often feel sleepy after supper and then I get my second wind later in the evening. 我吃完晚饭常感到困, 一到晚上就又精神了. get wind of sth hear a rumour that sth is happening; hear about sth secret 听到某事的风声; 听到秘密消息
*Our competitors must not be allowed to get wind of our plans. 千万别让我们的竞争对手听到有关我们计画的事. get/have the `wind up (about sth) (infml 口) become/be frightened 受惊; 害怕. in the `wind about to happen 即将发生
*They sensed that there was something in the wind. 他们察觉出要有事了. it's an ill wind => ill2. like the `wind very fast 极快; 像一阵风似的
*She goes like the wind on her new bicycle. 她飞快地骑着新自行车. put the wind up sb (infml 口) cause sb to be frightened; alarm sb 使某人害怕; 惊吓某人. run/sail before the `wind (nautical 海) sail with the wind behind the ship 顺风航行. sail close/near to the wind => sail2. see which way the wind is blowing => way1. sound in wind and limb => sound1. a straw in the wind => straw. take the `wind out of sb's sails (infml 口) cause sb to lose his confidence or pride 使某人气馁或泄气
*Being beaten by a newcomer has really taken the wind out of his sails. 一个新来的人就比他强, 他觉得很窝囊. throw, etc caution to the winds=> caution. to the four winds (rhet 修辞) (blown, scattered, etc) in all directions （刮得、撒得...）四面八方. a wind of `change influence that causes change; tendency to change 产生变化的影响或趋势
*There is a wind of change in the attitude of voters. 选民的态度有改变的趋向.
1 cause (sb) to be out of breath 使（某人）气急
*We were winded by the steep climb. 我们爬那个陡坡累得上气不接下气.
* The punch in the stomach completely winded me. 我肚子上挨了一拳一时完全喘不过气来.
2 help (a baby) to expel wind1(4) from its stomach by patting or stroking its back 帮助（婴儿）打出嗝来（拍抚其後背）.
3 detect the presence of (sb/sth) by smelling 嗅出（某人[某物]）的存在
*The hounds had winded the fox. 猎狗闻出了有狐狸的气味.
v (pt, pp wound / waUnd; waJnd/)
1 [I, Ipr, Ip, Tn.pr, Tn.p] (cause sth to) follow a curving, twisting or spiral course （使某物）沿弧形的、弯曲的或旋转的路线前进
*a winding road 盘旋的路
* The river winds down to the sea. 这条河蜿蜒流向大海.
* The staircase winds upwards round a central pillar. 这座楼梯绕着中间的柱子向上呈螺旋状.
* She wound her way through the crowds. 她绕来绕去穿过了人群.
2 [Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] twist or coil (string, wool, yarn, etc) round and round on itself so that it forms a ball, or onto a reel, etc 将（绳、毛线、纱等）缠绕成球或缠绕在轴上
*wind wool (up) into a ball 把毛线缠成团
* wind sewing thread onto a reel 把缝纫用的线缠绕在线轴上.
(a) ~ sth round sb/sth; ~ sb/sth in sth fold sth round sb/sth closely; wrap sb/sth in sth 将某物紧紧缠绕住某人[某物]; 将某人[某物]包在某物中
*wind a bandage round one's finger 用 带包住手指
* wind a shawl round the baby/the baby in a shawl 用围巾裹住幼儿.
(b) ~ itself round sb/sth become twisted or entangled round sb/sth 绕住或缠住某人[某物]
*The film flew off the spool and wound itself round the projector. 电影胶片从卷轴滑出缠绕在放映机上了.
4 [Tn] turn (a handle, windlass, etc) 转动（把手、绞车等）
*You operate the mechanism by winding this handle. 操纵这台机器要转动这个把手.
5 [Tn, Tn.p] ~ sth (up) cause a mechanism (esp a clock or watch) to operate, eg by turning a key to tighten the spring 上（尤指钟表）发条
*Have you wound your watch? 你的表上发条了吗?
6 (phr v) wind sth back, down, forward, in, off, on, up, etc cause sth to move in the specified direction by turning a handle, spool, etc （转动把手或卷轴等）使某物沿某方向移动
*wind a tape back/forward/on 把带子向後[向前/继续]卷绕
* wind a car window down/up 把汽车窗摇下去[上来]
* wind a fishing line in 把钓鱼线摇起收回. wind down
(a) (of a clock or watch) go slow and then stop （指钟表）慢下来後停住.
(b) (of a person) relax, esp after a period of stress or excitement （指人）松弛下来, 放松（尤指经过一段紧张或兴奋阶段）
*This year has been frantically busy for us I need a holiday just to wind down. 今年我们忙得要命--我需要有一段假期放松一下. wind up (infml 口) (of a person) arrive finally in a place; end up （指人）终于到达某处, 安顿
*We eventually wound up (staying) in a super little hotel by the sea. 我们最终在一个很棒的海滨旅馆落脚（住下来）.
* I always said he would wind up in jail. 我常说他到头来非进监狱不可. wind (sth) up finish (a speech, etc) 结束（讲话等）
*Before I wind up, there are two more things to be said. 在我结束讲话之前, 还有两件事要说.
* If we all agree, let's wind up the discussion. 要是大家都同意的话, 咱们这次讨论就到此结束. wind sb up cause sb to reach a high level of excitement or agitation 使某人高度兴奋或激动
*He gets so wound up when he's arguing. 他一辩论起来就十分激动.
* (infml 口) Are you deliberately winding me up (ie annoying me)? 你是想故意气我吧? wind sth up settle the affairs of and finally close (a business, company, etc) 清理业务并最後关闭（企业、公司等）
*wind up one's affairs 清理并结束自己的事务.
(a) bend or turn in a course, path, etc （道路等的）弯曲处, 转弯处.
(b) single turn made in winding (wind3 5) （钟表的）上一圈发条
*Give the clock another couple of winds. 给这座钟再上两圈发条.