1 [U] severe suffering or discomfort; privation 苦难; 困苦; 贫困
*bear/suffergreat hardship 遭受[经受]巨大的苦难.
2 [C] circumstance causing this 艰难情况
*During the war we suffered many hardships. 我们在战争期间吃了许多苦头.
n [U and C]
something that makes your life difficult or unpleasant, especially a lack of money, or the condition of having a difficult life
an economic policy that caused great hardship for many people
Many students are suffering severe financial hardship .
the hardships of war
1. We are willing to face any hardship or peril. 我们愿意面对任何艰难和危险。
2. In the state of Kentucky (肯塔基州), students who drop out of school, have nine or more absences without being excused, or whose grades are below a given standard, lose their driving privileges "unless they can prove family hardship". 在肯塔基州，退学的学生，无故旷课达9次以上的学生，或分数达不到某一标准的学生，都会失去驾驶执照，"除非他们能证明其家庭有困难"。