名词:obliger 动词过去式:obliged 过去分词:obliged 现在分词:obliging 第三人称单数:obliges
1 [Cn.t usu passive 通常用于被动语态] compel or require (sb) by law, agreement or moral pressure to do sth （按法律、协议或道义）强迫或要求（某人）做某事物
*The law obliges parents to send their children to school. 法律上要求父母送子女入学.
* They were obliged to sell their house in order to pay their debts. 他们被迫卖房还债.
* You are not obliged to answer these questions, but it would make our task easier. 这些问题并非非答不可, 但答问对我们大有助益.
2 [I, Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sb (with sth/by doing sth) (fml 文) do sth for sb as a favour or small service 为某人效劳; 帮忙
*We'd be happy to oblige. 我们乐于效劳.
* Could you oblige me with (ie lend or give me) five pounds until the weekend? 能借我5英镑吗, 周末还你?
* Could you oblige us with a song (ie perform a song for us)? 给我们唱支歌好吗?
* Please oblige me by closing the door. 劳驾, 替我把门关上.
[Date: 1200-1300; Language: Old French;Origin: obliger, from Latin obligare, from ligare 'to tie']
[T usually passive]
if you are obliged to do something, you have to do it because the situation, the law, a duty etc makes it necessary
oblige sb to do sth
The minister was obliged to report at least once every six months.
Circumstances had obliged him to sell the business.
feel obliged to do sth
(=feel that you have a duty to do something)
Many parents feel obliged to pay for at least part of the wedding.
[I and T]
to do something that someone has asked you to do
It's always a good idea to oblige important clients.
happy/glad/ready etc to oblige
If you need a ride home, I'd be happy to oblige.
I'd be obliged if
spoken formal used to make a polite request
I'd be obliged if you'd treat this matter as strictly confidential.
(I'm) much obliged (to you)
spoken old-fashioned used to thank someone very politely
HINT sense 1
Do not use oblige when you are talking about making someone do something they do not want to do. Use force or make:No one can force (NOT oblige) you to stay in a job that you hate.