adj.较低的,下级的,下等的,下游的 vi.降低,跌落,减弱 vt.放下,降下,减弱,贬低
副词:loweringly 动词过去式:lowered/loured 过去分词:lowered/loured 现在分词:lowering/louring 第三人称单数:lowers/lours 异体字:lour
1 [Tn, Tn.pr]
(a) let or bring (sb/sth) down 让, 使（某人[某事物]）降低, 降下
*lower supplies to the stranded men, eg from a helicopter 把给受困者的救济品放下去（如从直升飞机上）
* lower the sails, a flag, a window 落帆、降旗、放下窗
* He lowered his gun slowly. 他慢慢把枪放下.
* lower one's eyes (to the ground), ie look down 垂下眼睛（看地面）
* (infml 口) He lowered (ie drank) four pints of beer in an hour. 他一小时喝下四品脱啤酒.
(b) make less high 使减低; 放低
*lower the roof of a house 把房子的屋顶改低
* lower (the height of) the ceiling 把天花板（的高度）降低.
2 [I, Ipr, Tn, Tn.pr] (cause sth to) become less in amount or quantity （使某事物）减少
*Stocks generally lowered in value. 股票普遍下跌.
* lower one's voice to a whisper 把声音降到耳语那么低
* A poor diet lowers one's resistance to illness. 饮食不佳会减低对疾病的抵抗力.
3 [Tn, Tn.pr] ~ oneself (by doing sth) (infml 口) reduce one's dignity or self-respect 降低身分或自尊
*Don't lower yourself by asking `him for help. 不要向他求助以免降低身分.
* Speak to her? I'd never lower myself. 跟她说话? 我可不自贬人格.
4 (idm 习语) raise/lower one's sights => sight1.
5 (phr v) lower (sth) away (nautical 海) lower (a boat, sail, etc) 放下（小船）; 降下（船帆）.
1. Both the cost and the standard of living were lower before the war. 战前生活费用和生活水准都比较低.
2. We are lucky in that only the lower fields, which make up a very small proportion of our farm, are affected by flooding, 值得庆幸的是，只有低洼的受到洪水影响，而低洼地在我们农场比例很小。
3. The lower gun-ports were now below water and the inrush sealed the ship´s fate. 低层炮眼已经淹没在水里了, 灌进船的水决定了船的命运,
4. The judgement of the lower court was upheld. 维持初级法院的原判。
5. The lower gun-ports were now below water and the inrush sealed the ship´s fate. 下层炮眼已淹没在水里，涌进船舱的水给"瓦萨"号带来了难以逃脱的厄运。
6. The flood, laden with rich earth, reaches the lower valley about 15 June — at a time when the whole land has been burnt black by the sun. It brings "the water of life". 大约每年六月十五日，尼罗河水挟带着肥沃的泥土流到了下游，给已被太阳烤得焦黑的土地带来了“生命之水”。
7. The dull ache in your lower stomach reminds you: late for nothing. 胃下部的隐痛在提醒你：已没有什么让你去为之迟到的了。
8. That would surely be true if a cloned individual were treated as a lesser being, with fewer rights or lower status. 假如克隆的人被当作一种次等动物，权利小，地位低，事实就会的确如此。
9. The lower class yellow and white taxis have no meters, so be sure to negotiate your fare before you depart. 黄白相间的更低一级，没有计程器，因此一定要在开车前商定好价钱。
10. And we have to lower into the ground and haul out of the ground great lengths of drill pipe which are rotated by an engine at the top and are fitted with a cutting bit at the bottom. 我们必须把很长的钻杆一节节地钻入地下，然后再从地下拉出来。钻杆顶部安装的发动机带动钻杆旋转，它的底部装有钻头。