1 probability or chance (that a certain thing will or will not happen) 可能性; 机会
*The odds are in your favour (ie You are likely to succeed) because you have more experience. 你经验丰富, 成功的机会居多.
* The odds are against him, ie He's unlikely to succeed. 他可能失败.
* The odds are that (ie It is probable that) she'll win. 可能她赢.
2 difference in strength, numbers, etc (in favour of one person, team, etc); inequalities 差异, 不平等（力量、数目等有利于某一方）
*a victory against overwhelming odds 以弱胜强
* They were fighting against heavy odds, ie a much stronger enemy. 他们在抗击强敌.
3 (in betting) difference in amount between the money bet on a horse, etc and the money that will be paid if it is successful （赌博的）投注赔率
*The horse was running at odds of ten to one. 那匹马参赛赔率是十比一.
* The odds are five to one on that horse. 那匹马的赔率是五比一.
* I bet three pounds on a horse running at twenty to one and won sixty pounds! 我用三镑压在赔率为二十比一的马上, 结果赢了六十镑!
4 (idm 习语) against (all) the `odds despite strong opposition or disadvantages 尽管极为不利或遭强烈反对
*Against all the odds she achieved her dream of becoming a ballerina. 她冲破重重困难, 实现了当芭蕾舞演员的梦想. be at odds (with sb) (over/on sth) be disagreeing or quarrelling (with sb) (about sth) （与某人）（在某事上）不和, 争吵
*They're constantly at odds with each other. 他们常互相争吵.
* He's always at odds with his father over politics. 在政治上他总和父亲意见不一. even chances/odds/money => even1. give/receive `odds (sport 体) give/receive an advantage at the beginning of a game (eg golf) to make it more difficult for the stronger player to win （比赛开始时强弱双方之间）让步[接受让步]. have the cards/odds stacked against one => stack v. it makes no `odds it will not affect matters; it is of no consequence 无关紧要; 没关系
*It makes no odds to me whether you go or stay. 你是去是留与我无关. lay (sb) odds (of) offer (sb) odds(3) (of) 向（某人）以（某赔率）打赌
*I'll lay odds of three to one that he gets the job. 我以三比一的赔率打赌, 他能得到那份工作. ,odds and `ends; (Brit infml 口) ,odds and `sods small articles; bits and pieces of various sorts, usu without much value 零星杂物; 琐碎物品
*He's moved most of his stuff; there are just a few odds and ends left. 他把大部分东西都搬走了, 只留下一些零星杂物. Cf 参看 oddment. over the `odds (Brit infml 口) more than is expected, necessary, etc 比预期的或必要的为多
*The firm pays over the odds for working in unpopular areas. 在条件差的地区工作, 公司多给酬金.
* We offered over the odds for the house to make sure we got it. 我们为有把握得到那所房子就多出了价. what's the `odds? (infml 口) what does it matter?; it's not important 那有什么关系?; 那无所谓
*He's left her? What's the odds? He was never at home anyhow. 他离开她了? 那算得了什么? 他反正从来都不在家里.
1【probability】2【difficulties】3 be at odds4【horse racing etc】5 it makes no odds6 pay over the odds
how likely it is that something will or will not happen The odds are (=it is likely) that he will commit the same crime again.the odds of You can narrow the odds of a nasty accident happening in your home by being more safety-conscious.the odds against The odds against a plane crash are around a million to one. I'm afraid that the odds are heavily against her winning (=it is not likely) . The odds are in favour of a Russian victory (=it is likely) . What are the odds (=how likely is it) that they will mess up? a new company that has beaten the odds and succeeded (=it was not likely to succeed, but it did)【DIFFICULTIES】
difficulties which make a good result seem very unlikely Against all the odds, he recovered from his terrible injuries. The South Africans overcame the odds to beat Australia. The hospital's director has been battling against the odds to improve patient care. The odds are stacked against the young birds, especially in winter. Their job was to hold on despite impossible odds , in order to give the rest of the army time to strike. a little company that battled its way, despite enormous odds , to successbe at oddsa)
to disagreebe at odds with Briggs found himself at odds with his colleagues.be at odds over/on The two politicians were at odds over what was the truth.b)
if two statements, descriptions, actions etc are at odds with each other, they are different although they should be the samebe at odds with Mark's account of what happened is at odds with Dan's. She gave him a sweet smile, totally at odds with the look of dislike in her eyes.【HORSE RACING ETC】
the numbers that show how much money you will win if you bet
on the winner of a horse race or other competition The odds are 6-1.odds of At odds of 10-1 he bet a hundred pounds.(at) long/short odds
(=high or low numbers, that show a high or low risk of losing) Everyone was surprised when Desert Zone won the race, at very long odds.lay/offer (sb) oddsBrE They are laying odds of 8-1 that the Conservatives will win the next election.it makes no oddsBrE spoken
used to say that what someone does or what happens is not important Pay me now or later - it makes no odds.pay over the oddsBrE informal
to pay a higher price than is usual or reasonable Most residents live in tiny apartments and pay over the odds for them too.
COLLOCATES for sense 2against (all) the odds
(=although there are great difficulties) overcome the odds
(=succeed although there are great difficulties) battle against the oddsthe odds are stacked against somebody
(=there are great difficulties) impossible oddsenormous/heavy/overwhelming odds
1. The odds are in your favour because you have more experience. 你经验丰富, 成功的机会居多.
2. They would have continued to struggle against economic odds and would have lived in obscurity. 这家人会继续为克服经济上的拮据而奋斗，并默默无闻地活下去。
3. He sees practical applications everywhere for how companies should decide whom to hire, how couples can increase the odds that their marriages will last, how parents should raise their children and how schools should teach them. 他认为这处处都用得上，如公司该如何决定聘用什么人，夫妇该如何提高婚姻延续的可能性，父母该如何培养孩子，学校该如何教育孩子。
4. And that this happens at a rate which differs little from person to person, so that there are heavy odds in favour of our dying between the ages of sixty-five and eighty. 衰老的速度在人与人之间相差甚微，我们最可能死亡的年龄在65至80岁之间，
5. Against all odds, the two ended up being friends. 但是出乎人们的意料，他们却最终成了朋友。