1 matter that is not clean (eg dust, soil, mud), esp when it is where it is not wanted (eg on the skin, on clothes, in buildings) 污垢; 灰尘; 尘垢; 脏土; 污泥
*His clothes were covered with dirt. 他的衣服蒙上了灰尘.
* How can I get the dirt off the walls? 我怎样才能把墙上的污垢去掉呢?
2 loose earth or soil 松土; 散土
*a pile of dirt beside a newly-dug trench 在新挖的沟渠旁的一堆土.
3 (infml 口) obscene thought or talk 下流想法; 下流话
*Be quiet! We don't want to hear that kind of dirt! 别说了! 我们不想听那种下流话!
4 (infml 口) excrement 排泄物; 粪便; 屎
*a pile of dog dirt on the road 路上的一堆狗屎.
5 (infml 口) malicious gossip 恶意中伤的闲话
*He likes to hear all the dirt about his colleagues. 他就爱听有关同事的流言蜚语.
6 (idm 习语) (as) cheap/common as `dirt (infml derog 口, 贬) vulgar; low-class 低贱的; 下贱的
*Don't invite her! She's as common as dirt. 别请她来! 她是个贱货. dish the dirt => dish2. fling/throw dirt at sb say slanderous things about sb 说某人坏话; 给某人脸上抹黑. treat sb like dirt/a dog => treat.
1200-1300; Language: Old Norse;Origin:
any substance that makes things dirty, such as mud or dust You should have seen the dirt on that car! His face and hands were black with dirt. a patch of grass, covered in dog dirt (=waste from a dog's bowels)especially AmE
earth or soil Michael threw his handful of dirt onto the coffin.in (the) dirt The children had been sitting in the dirt.informal
information about someone's private life or activities which could give people a bad opinion of them if it became known The newspapers had been digging up dirt on the President.
talk, writing, a film etc that is considered bad or immoral because it is about sex
→dish the dirtatdish2
, hit/strike paydirtatpaydirt,hit the dirtathit1
(17), treat sb like dirtattreat1
1. By then, I was flat on my face on the pathway, its dirt against my forehead. 这时，我已面朝下趴在了地上，地上的尘土紧贴着我的前额。
2. But then Sam lets go of the swing. He flies into the air and lands face down in the dirt. 但就在此时，山姆从秋千上飞了出去，脸朝下摔在地上。
3. Wheels left grooves in a muddy dirt road . 车轮在泥泞的路上留下凹痕。
4. Without grass and trees and bushes and, yes, dirt and mud to get dirty in, children miss an important part of childhood. 没有了青草、没有了树木、没有了灌木，还有, 没有了弄脏他们手脚和衣服的污物泥土，孩子们就失去了童年生活中的一个重要组成部分。
5. His clothes were covered with dirt. 他的衣服蒙上了灰尘.
6. Although most of the people bowed to Gessler, they spat into the dirt as they did so. 虽然大部分阿尔托夫人都向他鞠躬, 但是他们一面往泥土地上啐唾 .
7. A pile of dirt was delivered to the garden. 有一堆土已送到公园里去了。
8. One of the nannies I lunched with rushes over and picks her up and brushes dirt from her knees. 跟我一块吃中饭的一名保姆赶紧冲过去，把她抱起来，拍打她膝盖上的灰尘。
9. Invariably the background was the same: dirt and poverty, and very uncomfortable. 无论住在哪儿，情况都一样：肮脏、贫穷，极其不舒适。
10. In 1871, American inventor Ives McGaffey realized that if you turned an air pump (气泵) the opposite way, you would have a machine that could pick up dirt. 1871年，美国发明家艾夫斯·麦加菲意识到,如果将气泵的转动反个向,它就会变成一台能吸起灰尘的机器。