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contract

美音:[(adjective) ´kɔntrækt (noun) ´kɔnt´rækt (verb) kənt´rækt ]点这儿播放单词美音发声
英音:[(adjective) ´kɔntrækt (noun) ´kɔnt´rækt (verb) kənt´rækt ]点这儿播放单词英音发声
n.合同,契约,婚约 v.使缩短,感染,订约

难易程度:

contract为短语/超纲词汇   词频:3800

词形变化:

形容词:contractible 名词:contractibility 动词过去式:contracted 过去分词:contracted 现在分词:contracting 第三人称单数:contracts

词根

tract,treat=to draw(拉曳)

近义词, 同义词

相关词

contract


/'kɒntrækt; `kɑntrækt/
n
1 ~ (with sb) (for sth/to do sth) legally binding agreement, usu in writing 合同; 契约
*You shouldn't enter into/make a contract until you have studied its provisions carefully. 你应该先仔细研究合同的条款, 然後再签订.
* We have a contract with the Government for the supply of vehicles/to supply vehicles. 我们在提供车辆方面与政府订有合约.
* When the legal formalities have been settled, the buyer and seller of a house can exchange contracts, ie to complete their agreement legally. 房子的买方和卖方办妥法律手续即可交换契约.
* He has agreed salary terms and is ready to sign a new contract, ie of employment. 他同意了薪金条件, 准备签新合同.
* I'm not a permanent employee; I'm working here on a fixed-term contract. 我并不是永久雇员, 而是根据定期合同在此工作的.
* [attrib 作定语] the contract price, date, etc, ie the price, date, etc agreed to 合同价格、日期等
* a contract worker, ie employed on a contract 合同工.
2 (idm 习语) be under contract (to sb) have made a contract to work (for sb) 立约(为某人)工作
*a pop group that is under contract to one of the big record companies 与一家墀§唱片公司签有合约的流行音乐乐队. put sth out to `contract invite people to make a contract to do work, supply (goods, etc) 请人承包工作、供货等事
*We haven't the resources to do the work ourselves, so we'll put it out to contract. 我们自己无法做这项工作, 所以要承包出去.

/kən'trækt; kən`trækt/
v
1 (a) [Ipr, It] ~ with sb for sth make (a legal agreement) with sb for a purpose 与某人签订(合同或契约)
*contract with a firm for the supply of fuel, ie agree to buy fuel from it 与一家公司就供应燃料一事签订合同
* Having contracted (with them) to do the repairs, we cannot withdraw now. 我们(与他们)订有维修合约, 现在不能撤消.
(b) [Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth (with sb) (fml 文) enter into or undertake sth formally 正式缔结或确定(某事物)
*She had contracted a most unsuitable marriage. 她订下的婚约极不匹配.
* contract an alliance with a neighbouring state 与邻国缔结同盟.
2 [Tn]
(a) catch or develop (an illness) 感染(疾病)
*contract measles, a cold, etc 患麻疹、感冒等.
(b) (fml 文) acquire (sth) 招致(某事物)
*contract debts, bad habits 负债、染上恶习.
3 (phr v) contract `out (of sth) (Brit) withdraw from, or not enter into, an agreement which applies to a large group 退出或不参加某合约
*You can contract out (of the pension scheme) if you wish. 你愿意的话, 可以退出(这个养老金计划). contract sth out (to sb) arrange for (work) to be done by another firm rather than one's own 把工作包出去(让别人做).

/kən'trækt; kən`trækt/
v [I, Ipr, Tn, Tn.pr] ~ (sth) (to sth)
1 make or become smaller or shorter (使)缩小, 缩短, 缩约
*Metals contract as they get cooler. 金属遇冷则收缩.
* `I will' can be contracted to `I'll'. Iwill可缩写为I'll.
* (fig 比喻) Our business has contracted a lot recently. 我们的生意近来大为减少了.
2 (cause sth to) become tighter or narrower; constrict (使某物)紧缩或收缩; 缩
*contract a muscle 收缩肌肉
* The tunnel contracts to a narrow passageway as you go deeper. 再往里走, 坑道缩小成了一条窄窄的通道. Cf 参看 expand.
1. English lawyers will say to Mrs. Smith, 'No, that contract is not valid,' while Mr.Smith will want it to be an American case.
    英国律师会对史密斯夫人说'不行,那个契约无效。'而史密斯先生却想把它当作一桩美国案例来处理。

2. The judge annulled the contract because one of the signers was too young .
    由于签署人中有一位年纪太轻,法官宣告这个合同无效。

3. They were coerced into signing the contract.
    他们被迫签了合同.

4. The contract is invalid.
    合同无效了。

5. This contract is null and void.
    此合同无效.

6. The terms of the contract are subject to review.
    合同的条款有待复查决定 .

7. The contract specifies red tiles for the roof.
    合同规定屋顶用红瓦盖。

8. The contract will terminate soon.
    契约快要期满了.

9. He gave the following example: "A wealthy Mr. Ed Smith gets married to Mrs.Smith, and they enter into a New York prenuptial contract.
    他举了一个例子:"有位富有的艾德·史密斯先生和史密斯夫人结了婚,而且在纽约签订了婚前契约。

10. During a later war in 1812, Wilson gained a position inspecting meat for US Army forces, working with a man who had signed a contract with the government to provide meat to the army.
    此后在1812年的战争中,威尔逊获得了一个职位,为美国军队检验肉食。他的合伙人和美国政府签定了一份合同,给军队提供肉食。

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