v.照耀,发光 vt.擦亮 n.光泽,光亮
动词过去式:shone/shined 过去分词:shone/shined 现在分词:shining 第三人称单数:shines
v (pt, pp shone / FCn; ?@ FEUn; Fon/ or, in sense 3, 用于下述第3义时作 ~d)
1 [I, Ipr, Ip] give out or reflect light; be bright 发光; 反射光; 照耀
*Clean the glasses until they shine. 把眼镜擦亮.
* The moon is shining (through the window). 月光（通过窗户）照了进来.
* The clouds parted and the sun shone (out). 云开了, 太阳出来了.
* The hot sun shone down on the scene. 烈日照射着这个地方.
* (fig 比喻) His face shone with excitement. 他脸上焕发着兴奋的光芒.
2 [Tn.pr, Tn.p] aim the light of (a torch, etc) in a specified direction 用（手电筒等）的光向某方向照射
*The police shone a searchlight on the house. 警察用探照灯照射这所房子.
* Shine your torch into the drawer. 你用手电筒照一下这抽屉里面.
* I hate lights being shone in my face. 我不喜欢灯光正对着我的脸.
3 [Tn] (infml 口) polish (sth) 擦亮（某物）
*shine shoes, brassware 擦鞋、铜器.
4 [I, Ipr] ~ (at/in sth) excel in some way 表现突出; 出众
*He's a shining (ie outstanding, excellent) example of a hard-working pupil. 他是用功的学生, 是优秀的榜样.
* She does not shine in conversation, ie is not a good talker. 她不擅长谈话.
* I've never shone at tennis. 我从来就打不好网球.
5 (idm 习语) a knight in shining armour =>knight. make hay while the sun shines =>hay. rise and shine =>rise2.
1 [sing, U] brightness; polished appearance 光亮; 光泽
*Give your shoes a good shine. 把你的鞋好好擦一下.
* There's too much shine on the seat of these old trousers. 这条裤子臀部磨得太亮了.
2 (idm 习语) come rain, come shine; rain or shine => rain1. take a shine to sb/sth (infml 口) suddenly begin to like sb/sth 突然间喜欢上某人[某事物]
*I think that dog has taken a shine to me
*it follows me everywhere. 我想这狗已经喜欢上我了, 我走到哪儿它跟到哪儿.
1. But I did not know that the sun could shine and the air remain cold; no one had ever told me. 但我不知道阳光灿烂时，空气还会是冰冷的，从来没有人告诉过我这一点。
2. When the north pole is towards the sun, the sun´s rays shine down quite straight on the northern part of the earth, while they slant down towards the southern part. 北极斜向太阳时，阳光直射在北半球，斜射在南半球。
3. The surface of his pyramid used to shine with smooth white limestone, and its top came to a sharp point. 以前，大金字塔表面光滑的白石灰石非常耀眼，塔的顶端很尖。
4. Since the moon is cold, it does not shine with light of its own. 月亮是冷的，它本身不发光。
5. Clean the glasses until they shine. 把眼镜擦亮.
6. It was not the sort of bright yellow sun making everything lift up at the edges, almost in fear, that I was used to, but a pale yellow sun, as if the sun had grown weak from trying too hard to shine; but still it was sunny. 这不是那种我所习惯的、使每一样东西的边缘几乎是颤巍巍地向上翘的那种金黄色的太阳，而是那种淡黄的、好象是一个因过分卖力地想发出灿烂的光芒而变得软弱无力的太阳，但它毕竟也是灿烂的。