动词过去式:allowanced 过去分词:allowanced 现在分词:allowancing 第三人称单数:allowances
1 [C, U] amount of sth, esp money, allowed or given regularly 津贴; 补助
*an allowance of
15 per day 每天15英镑的津贴
* be paid a clothing/subsistence/travel allowance, ie money to be spent on clothes, etc 付给治装[生活/旅途]津贴
* I didn't receive any allowance from my father. 我没有收到父亲给的零用钱.
* a luggage allowance, ie amount of luggage a passenger can take free, esp on an aeroplane 免费携带行李额（尤指在飞机上）.
2 [C] sum of money deducted; discount 折价; 折扣
*get an allowance for your old car, fridge, cooker 获得你的旧汽车, 冰箱, 炉具的折价
* tax allowance, ie money deducted from income before the current rate of tax is imposed 免税额（徵收本年度税款前从总收入中减除的款额）.
3 (idm 习语) make (an) allowance for sth consider sth when making a decision, etc （在做决定等时）考虑到某事物. make allowances for sb regard sb as deserving to be treated differently from others for some reason （因某原因需区别对待而）体谅, 照顾某人
*You must make allowances for him because he has been ill. 你应该体谅他, 因为他一直病着.
[C usually singular]
an amount of money that you are given regularly or for a special purpose
a monthly/annual etc allowance
His father gives him a monthly allowance of £200.
Do you get an allowance for clothes?
Sales staff get a generous mileage allowance or a company car.
If you are entitled to sickness allowance, you must claim it from your employer.
[C usually singular]
an amount of something that is acceptable or safe
the recommended daily allowance of Vitamin C
Passengers' baggage allowance is 75 pounds per person.
an amount of money that you can earn without paying tax on it
a new tax allowance from the government
[C usually singular]especially AmE a small amount of money that a parent regularly gives to a child
British Equivalent: pocket money
[U and C]
something that you consider when deciding what is likely to happen, what you should expect etc
There is always an allowance in insurance premiums for whether someone smokes or not.
make (an) allowance/make allowances (for sth)
The budget makes allowances for extra staff when needed.
make allowance/allowances (for sb)
to let someone behave in a way you do not normally approve of, because you know there are special reasons for their behaviour
Dad's under pressure - you have to make allowances.
1. The director has an entertainment allowance. 董事有一笔交际费。
2. "The average woman takes in only two thirds of the recommended daily allowance for iron," notes another expert. 另一名专家注意到，"普通女性只摄入了日需铁含量的三分之一。"
3. Silence is sometimes equivalent to an allowance. 缄默有时等于允许。