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bear

美音:[bɛə ]点这儿播放单词美音发声
英音:[bɛə ]点这儿播放单词英音发声
n.熊 v.负担,忍受,带给,具有,挤,向
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bear为小学词汇   词频:3788

词形变化:

动词过去式:bore 过去分词:borne/born 现在分词:bearing 第三人称单数:bears

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bear


/beə(r); bɛr/
n
1 large heavy animal with thick fur 熊
*polar bear 北极熊
* grizzly bear 大灰熊. =>illus 见插图.
2 rough or ill-mannered person 粗鲁的或横蛮的人.
3 (finance 财) person who sells stocks, shares, etc, hoping to buy them back at lower prices 出售自己的证券、股票等, 希望以较低价格购回的人; 股票看跌的人
*[attrib 作定语] a `bear market, ie a situation in which share prices are falling rapidly 卖空的市场(股票价格急剧跌落的行情). Cf 参看 bull1 3.
4 (idm 习语) a bear garden place or meeting at which there is much rough or noisy behaviour 嘈杂喧闹的场所或会议. like a ,bear with a sore `head (infml 口) irritable; bad-tempered 易怒的; 脾气坏的
*When he's just woken up he's like a bear with a sore head. 他刚睡醒时, 非常暴躁.

/beə(r); bɛr/
v (pt bore/ bR:(r); bRr/, pp borne/bR:n; bRrn/)
1 [Tn] show (sth); carry visibly; display 显示(某事物); 明显地带有; 表现
*The document bore his signature. 这份文件有他的签字.
* The ring bears an inscription. 这个戒指上刻有字.
* The coach bears the royal coat of arms. 这辆大马车上有王室的盾形纹章.
* I saw a tombstone bearing the date 1602. 我见到一块刻有1602年字样的墓碑.
* He was badly wounded in the war and still bears the scars. 他在战争中受了重伤, 现在仍有伤疤.
* She bears little resemblance to (ie is not much like) her mother. 她长得不太像她的母亲.
* The title of the essay bore little relation to the contents, ie was not much connected with them. 这篇文章的题目和内容不大相符.
2 [Tn] be known by (sth); have 以(某事物)为人所知; 具有
*a family that bore an ancient and honoured name 名门世家
* A married woman usually bears her husband's surname. 女子出嫁以後通常随夫姓.
3 [Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] (dated or fml 旧或文) carry (sb/sth), esp while moving 携带(某人[某物])(尤指于移动中)
*bear a heavy load 负重
* three kings bearing gifts 进贡的三位国王
* They bore his body to the tomb. 他们把他的遗体抬到墓地.
* The canoe was borne along by the current. 那独木舟顺流而下. =>Usage at carry 用法见 carry.
4 [Tn]
(a) support (sb/sth); sustain 支撑(某人[某事物]); 支持
*The ice is too thin to bear your weight. 冰太薄, 承受不住你的重量.
(b) take (responsibility, etc) on oneself; shoulder 负起(责任等); 肩负
*Do the bride's parents have to bear the cost of the wedding? 要由新娘的父母来负担婚礼所需的费用吗?
* The President has to bear the blame. 总统难辞其咎.
* He's a carefree fellow who bears his responsibilities lightly. 他是个满不在意不大负责的人.
5 (a) [Tn, Tt, Tg, Tsg] (more informal, with can/could, in negative sentences or questions多用于口语, 在否定句或疑问句中与can[could]连用) endure (sth); tolerate; stand 忍受; 忍耐; 承受
*The pain was almost more than he could bear. 这样的痛苦几乎使他受不了.
* She bore her sorrow without complaint. 她毫无怨言地忍受着悲痛.
* I can't bear (having) cats in the ho ht to bear on us to finish the work on time. 我们受到压力, 必须如期完成这项工作. grin and bear it => grin.
12 (phr v) bear sth/sb away/off (dated or fml 旧或文) seize and carry away 捉走; 夺走; 拿走
*They bore off several captives. 他们抓走了几个俘虏.
* He bore away (ie won) the first prize. 他夺得(赢得)了头奖. bear down sb/sth overcome or defeat sb/sth 战胜或击败某人[某事物]
*bear down the enemy, all resistance 击垮敌人; 镇压一切反抗. bear `down on sb/sth move quickly and threateningly towards sb/sth 向某人[某事物]迅速逼近
*The angry farmer was bearing down on us. 那个怒气冲冲的农民迅速地向我们逼来. `bear on sth relate to sth; affect sth 与某事物有关; 对某事物有影响
*These are matters that bear on the welfare of the community. 这些都是涉及社会福利的问题. bear sb/sth `out support (sb); confirm (sth) 为(某人)作证; 证实(某事物)
*The other witnesses will bear me out/bear out what I say. 其他证人会为我[为我所说的话]作证. bear `up (against/under sth) be strong enough not to despair; cope; manage 不气馁; 对付; 处理
*He's bearing up well against all his misfortunes. 他以坚强的意志对待他所有的不幸. `bear with sb/sth tolerate sb/sth patiently 耐心地忍受某人[某事物]
*We must bear with her (ie treat her with sympathy) during this difficult period. 在此困难时期, 我们对她一定要忍让(对待她要有同情心).
* If you will bear with me (ie listen patiently to me) a little longer... 请耐心容我把话说完....

NOTE ON USAGE 用法
*The verb bear (past participle borne) in the sense of `give birth to' is formal *bear(过去分词为 borne)这一动词作`生育'解时较文雅
*bear a child 生孩子
* She's borne him six children. 她给他生育了六个孩子. Less formal is 较通俗的说法是
*She's had six children. 她生了六个孩子. The past participle borne is not used in the passive in this sense. 过去分词borne作`生育'解时不用被动语态. There is another past participle born, which is used only in the passive voice 另有一过去分词born, 仅用于被动语态
*She was born in 1954. 她生于1954年.
* Ten children are born in this hospital every day. 这所医院每天有十个孩子出生.
* He was born to/of wealthy parents. 他出生于有钱人家.

bear


其他:

  熊
1. But as a woman's power is still strongly perceived to be tied up with the ability to bear children, ageing demonstrates to the world her decline, her uselessness for her primary function.
    但由于女性的本领仍在很大程度上被看作与生育能力密切相关,年龄增长向世人显示的是她的衰老,就她的首要作用而言她已无用了。

2. When my old friend Brian urged me to accept a cigarette, it was more than I could bear.
    当我的老朋友布赖恩极力劝我接受一枝香烟时,我再也忍不住了。

3. When the bear was gone, and all was safe, the man in the tree came down.
     熊走了,一切都平安无事了。树上的人爬了下来,

4. With a smile, he asked his friend, "What did the bear tell you when he put his nose so close to your ears?"
    他笑嘻嘻地问他朋友:“熊把鼻子凑到你耳朵旁,跟你说了些什么?”

5. They did not pay any attention. In the end I could not bear it.
    他们却毫不理睬。到后来我忍无可忍.

6. They did not pay any attention. In the end I could not bear it.
    他们却毫不理睬。到后来我忍无可忍.

7. This was more than we could bear, so we decided to spend our last day exploring the countryside.
    人多得使我们难以忍受,于是我们决定利用最后一天去乡间一游。

8. The bear came up and sniffed at the man´s head.
    熊走过来,闻闻这个人的头,

9. The bear thought he was dead and walked away, for bears never touch dead men.
    熊以为他已经死去,便走开了,因为熊从来不碰死人。

10. The suspense was getting too much to bear.
    这种悬念实在让人受不了。

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