n.深坑,深渊,陷阱,(物体或人体表面上的)凹陷,(英国剧场的)正厅后排、正厅后排的观众 vt.窖藏,使凹下,去...之核,使留疤痕,使竞争 vi.起凹点,凹陷
动词过去式:pitted 过去分词:pitted 现在分词:pitting 第三人称单数:pits
1 [C] large (usu deep) hollow or opening in the ground （地面的）大坑, （通常指）深坑.
2 [C] (esp in compounds 尤用以构成复合词)
(a) hole in the ground, usu with steep sides, from which esp minerals are dug out 坑; （尤指）矿井
*a `chalk-pit 白垩取土坑
* a `gravel-pit 采石场
* a `lime-pit 石灰采石场.
(b) hole in the ground made for any of various industrial purposes（作工业用途的）坑
*a `saw-pit 锯木坑.
3 [C] = coal-mine (coal)
*go down the pit, ie work as a miner 下井（做矿工）.
4 [C] natural hollow in the surface of a plant or an animal's body 动植物体的自然凹陷处; 窝; 凹
*the pit of the stomach, ie the hollow between the ribs below the breastbone, thought to be the place where fear is felt 胸口
* `armpit, ie hollow underneath the shoulder where the arm joins the body 腋窝.
(a) hollow scar left on the skin, esp after smallpox; pock-mark 皮肤上凹陷的疤痕; （尤指天花的）麻点, 痘痕.
(b) small hollow on a surface, esp of metal or glass 物体表面的小凹陷处（尤指金属或玻璃的）.
6 the pit [sing] (Brit) (people sitting in) seats on the ground floor of a theatre behind the stalls 剧院正厅後座（的观众）.
7 [sing] (also `orchestra pit) sunken part of the floor of a theatre infront of the stage, for the orchestra 乐池. =>illus at App 1见附录1插图, page ix.
8 (a) [C] sunken area in the floor of a garage or workshop where the underneath part of a vehicle can be examined or repaired （修车处的）检修坑.
(b) the pits [pl] (in motor racing) place near the race-track where cars can stop for fuel, new tyres, etc during a race （机动车赛中的）检修加油站.
9 [sing] (US) (esp in compounds 尤用以构成复合词) part of the floor of a commodity exchange used for a particular commodity （某些商品的）交易场所
*the `wheat-pit 小麦交易场.
10 the pit [sing] (Bible or rhet 《圣经》或修辞) hell 地狱.
11 [C] hole dug as a trap for wild animals; pitfall （捕猎野兽用的）陷阱.
12 (idm 习语) be the pits (infml 口 esp US) be very bad or the worst example of sth 极坏; 最糟糕
*The comedian's performance was the pits! 这喜剧演员的表演糟透了!
* The food in this restaurant is the pits! 这家饭馆的东西难吃极了!
1 [Tn, Tn.pr esp passive 尤用于被动语态] ~ sth (with sth) make pits (pit 5) or hollows in sth 使某物上有凹陷、有麻点
*Acid had pitted the surface of the silver. 酸把银器的表面腐蚀了.
* a face pitted with smallpox 麻子脸
* The surface of the moon is pitted with craters. 月球表面有很多环形坑.
2 (phr v) pit sb/sth against sb/sth test sb/sth in a struggle or competition with sb/sth 使某人[某事物]与他人[他事物]较量
*pit one's wits against the bureaucracy of the tax office 与税务局的官僚作风斗智
* pit oneself against the reigning champion 与本届冠军较量.
n (esp US) = stone 5.
v [Tn] (-tt-) (esp US) remove pits from (fruit) 除去（水果）的核
*pitted olives 去核的橄榄.
1. Dig a pit and bury the garbage. 挖一个坑把垃圾埋了。
2. Don´t let the child fall into the pit. 别叫孩子掉进坑里去。
3. In my mouth I have a sour, vinegar taste coming from the pit of my stomach. 我嘴里有一股从胃底涌上来的酸酸的醋味。