1 large in amount; considerable 数目大的; 可观的
*a substantial improvement, decrease 相当大的改善、缩减
* Her contribution to the discussion was substantial. 她在讨论中做了很多工作.
* obtain a substantial loan 获得大笔贷款.
2 [usu attrib 通常作定语] solidly or strongly built or made 坚固的; 结实的
*a substantial padlock, chair, wall 结实的挂锁、椅子、墙壁.
3 [usu attrib 通常作定语] owning much property; wealthy 有大量财产的; 富有的
*a substantial business, company 殷实的商号、公司 *substantial farmers 富有的农民.
4 [attrib 作定语] concerningthe most important part of sth; essential 实质的; 大体上的; 基本的
*We are in substantial agreement. 我们的意见基本一致.
5 (fml 文) having physical existence, not merely seen or heard or imagined; real 实际存在的; 实物的; 真实的
*Was it something substantial that you saw, or was it a ghost? 你见到的是实物, 还是鬼魂?
1300-1400; Language: Late Latin;Origin:
substantialis, from Latin
large in amount or number
= considerable We have the support of a substantial number of parents. a substantial salary a substantial breakfast The document requires substantial changes. [only before noun]
large and strongly made a substantial piece of furniture
1. There´s no substantial difference between a metropolitan and a farmer. 大城市人和农民之间没有什么本质的区别。
2. The house is substantial enough to last a hundred years. 这房子很坚固, 一百年也不会坏。
3. The first category consists of substantial payments made for political purposes or to secure major contracts. 第一大类是那些为政治目的或为获得大宗合同所付出的大笔款项。
4. Suppose that during a negotiation with some government officials, the Minister of Trade makes it clear to you that if you offer him a substantial bribe, you will find it much easier to get an import license for your goods, and you are also likely to 假定在一场与政府官员的谈判中，贸易部长向你明确表示如能给他一大笔贿赂，拿到进口许可证就会容易得多，还可能避免他所说的"程序上的延误" 。
5. Ms. Mbogo said she had become frustrated because the donor groups that provide substantial aid to Kenya's rural areas "did not want to come here". 姆波戈女士说，为肯尼亚乡村地区提供大量捐助的团体"不愿意到这里来"，为此她感到很失望。
6. Under a hastily made arrangement, the police will sell the properties, but at a substantial financial loss. 匆忙安排之后，警方将卖出这些房产，但却要蒙受巨大的经济损失。