动词过去式:burst 过去分词:burst 现在分词:bursting 第三人称单数:bursts
v (pt, pp burst)
1 [I, Tn] (cause sth to) break violently open or apart, esp because of pressure from inside; explode （使某物）爆炸; 胀破; 爆破
*If you blow that balloon up any more it will burst. 那气球再吹就要破了.
* The dam burst under the weight of water. 那水坝在水的压力下决口了.
* Water-pipes often burst in cold weather. 水管在寒冷的天气里经常冻裂.
* (fig 比喻) I've eaten so much I feel ready to burst! 我吃得太多, 肚子都要撑破了!
* The river burst its banks and flooded the town. 河水冲决了堤岸, 淹没了城镇.
* Don't get so angry! You'll burst a blood-vessel! 别生这么大的气! 会把血管气崩的!
2 [I, Ipr] ~ (with sth) (only in the continuous tenses 仅用于进行时态) be full to the point of breaking open 满到要胀破的程度
*`More pudding?' `No thanks. I'm bursting!' ｀再吃点布丁好吗?＇｀不了, 我肚子已经胀了!＇
* May I use your lavatory I'm bursting! ie I need to urinate urgently. 我可以用用你们的厕所吗--我实在憋不住了.
* a bag bursting with shopping 撑得鼓鼓的购物袋
* (fig 比喻) be bursting with happiness, pride, excitement, etc 充满喜气、骄傲、激情等.
3 (idm 习语) be bursting at the `seams (infml 口) be very full or tight 满满当当
*I've eaten so much I'm bursting at the seams. 我吃得太多了, 肚子都要撑破了. be bursting to do sth be very eager to do sth 极欲干某事
*She was bursting to tell him the good news. 她迫不及待地要把这个好消息告诉他. burst (sth) `open (cause sth to) open suddenly or violently （使某物）突然或猛然打开
*The police burst the door open. 警察把门撞开了.
4 (phr v) burst `in enter (a room, etc) suddenly 突然进入（房间等）
*The police burst in (through the door) and arrested the gang. 警察突然闯进（房门）逮捕了那帮人. burst in on sb/sth interrupt sb/sth (by arriving suddenly) （因突然来到）阻碍某人[某事物]
*burst in on a meeting 打断会议
* How dare you burst in on us without knocking! 你怎么胆敢不敲门就闯进来! burst into sth send out or produce sth suddenly and violently 突然而猛烈地发出或产生出某事物
*The aircraft crashed and burst into flames, ie suddenly began to burn. 飞机
1 (a) bursting; explosion 爆炸; 爆破
*the burst of a shell, bomb 炮弹、炸弹的爆炸.
(b) split caused by this 爆裂; 胀裂
*a burst in a water-pipe 水管的破裂.
2 brief violent effort; spurt 短暂而巨大的努力; 冲刺
*a burst of energy, speed, etc 迸发出的能量、速度等
* work in short bursts 一阵一阵猛干.
3 sudden outbreak of sth 某事物的突然爆发
*a burst of anger, enthusiasm, etc 怒火、热情等的迸发
* a burst of applause 一阵欢呼.
4 short series of shots from a gun （枪的）一阵短暂的射击
*a burst of machine-gun fire 机关枪的一阵扫射.
1. When the river burst its banks the fields were inundated. 河岸决堤后, 田地遭洪水淹没.
2. The boiler burst. 锅炉爆炸了。
3. The pipe burst and jets of water shot across the kitchen. 管子破了, 水从厨房的这边喷到那边.
4. Then she tickled me into a burst of laughter. 然后, 她用手指轻轻地搔我，痒得我发出一阵大笑。
5. Then she burst out with sudden inspiration, "Give them to me! 突然，她灵机一动，脱口说道：“把它们交给我！
6. They burst into the mind, glowing with the heat of creation. How they do it is a mystery but they must come from somewhere. 它们猛然间迸入人的脑海，闪烁着创造的光芒。它们是如何出现在人的脑海中的呢？这还是个谜。但这些思想一定来自某个地方。
7. A burst of activity associated with the laying of submarine cables soon confirmed the Challenger´s observation that many parts of the ocean were two to three miles deep, 铺设海底电缆的热潮很快证实了"挑战者"号的观察结果：海洋中很多地方可深达两三英里，
8. Although Campbell reached a speed of over 304 miles per hour, he had great difficulty in controlling the car because a tyre burst during the first run. 尽管坎贝尔达到了每小时超过304英里的速度，但他很难把汽车控制住，因为在开始的行程中爆了一只轮胎。
9. As soon as he opened his mouth, everyone burst out laughing. 但他刚一开口说话，人们便哄堂大笑起来。
10. At this moment an idea burst upon him — a glorious idea. 这时他突然想到一个主意——一个伟大的主意。