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like

美音:[laık ]点这儿播放单词美音发声
英音:[laık ]点这儿播放单词英音发声
n.爱好,同样的人(或物) adj.相似的,同样的 vt.喜欢,希望,愿意 vi.喜欢,希望 prep.象,如同 adv.可能
单词动画

难易程度:

like为小学词汇   词频:5020

词形变化:

动词过去式:liked 过去分词:liked 现在分词:liking 第三人称单数:likes

近义词, 同义词

相关词

appreciate  be-fond-of  care-for  enjoy  fancy  go-for  prefer  dislike  hate  unlike    

单词用法:

like一词具有多种词性和词义,以及多种用法。现简述如下:
  一、用作动词:

  1.like+名词/代词,意为"喜欢某人或某物"。例如:

  Tom likes fish very much.汤姆非常喜欢鱼。

  Mr Wang is a good teacher.We all like him. 王老师是个好老师,我们都喜欢他。

  2.like to do sth. 意为"(偶尔或具体地)喜欢做某事"。例如:

  I like to swim with you today.今天我喜欢和你一起去游泳。

  3.like doing sth. 意为"(经常或习惯地)喜欢做某事"。例如:

  He likes singing.他喜欢唱歌。

  4.like sb. to do sth.意为"喜欢某人做某事"。例如:

  She likes them to ask questions like this. 她喜欢他们像这样问问题。

  5.would like to do sth. (=want to do sth.)意为" 想要做某事"。例如:

  I'd like to go shopping with you.我想要和你一起去买东西。

  6.would like sb. to do sth.意为"想要某人做某事"。

  I'd like you to meet my parents.我想要你见见我的父母亲。

  二、用作介词:

  1. be like, look like后接名词或代词作宾语,意为"像……;跟……一样"。例如:

  What is he like?他是怎么样的一个人?

  The little girl looks like her father.那个小姑娘看起来像她的父亲。

  2. feel like后接V?鄄ing形式、代词或名词,意为"想要做某事"。例如:

  Do you feel like having a rest?你想休息吗?

  We'll go for a walk if you feel like it.如果你想散步,我们就去吧。

  三、常见句型:

  1. What do you like about...?意为"关于……你喜欢什么?",用来询问对方所喜欢的内容。例如:

  -What do you like about China?你喜欢中国的什么?

  -The food and the people.食物和人民。

  2. How do you like...?意为"你认为……怎么样?"(=What do you think of...?)例如:

  -How do you like the film?你认为这部电影怎么样?

  -It's very interesting.很有趣。

  3. Would you like +名词 / to do sth.?意为"你想要……吗?",用来询问对方是否需要什么或征求意见与看法。例如:

  Would you like some water?你想要一些水吗?

  Would you like to play football with us?你愿意和我们一起去踢足球吗?

like


/laɪk; laɪk/
v
1 (a) [Tn, Tg, Tsg] find (sb/sth) pleasant or satisfactory; enjoy 喜欢, 喜爱(某人[某事物])
*Do you like fish? 你喜欢鱼吗?
* She likes him (ie is fond of him) but doesn't love him. 她喜欢他, 但并非爱他.
* She's never liked swimming. 她从不爱游泳.
* I didn't like him/his taking all the credit. 我讨厌他把全部功劳归于自己.
(b) [Tt, Tnt, Cn.a] regularly choose (to do sth); prefer (to do sth) 喜好(做某事)
*On Sundays I like to sleep late. 星期天我爱睡懒觉.
* He likes his guests to be punctual. 他喜欢客人守时.
* `How do you like your tea?' `I like it rather weak.' `你喝茶有什么喜好?'`我喜欢淡一些的.'
2 [Tt, Tg] (in negative sentences 用于否定句) be unwilling or reluctant to do sth 不愿做某事
*I didn't like (ie felt reluctant) to disturb you. 我本不想打搅你.
* He doesn't like asking for help. 他不愿意求助.
3 [Tn, Tt, Tnt] (used with should/would/'d to express a wish or preference at a particular time 与should/would/'d连用表示愿望或喜爱)
*Would you like something to eat? 想吃点东西吗?
* I'd like to think it over before deciding. 我还是想想再决定吧.
* We would like you to come and visit us. 我们希望你到我们这里来作客.
* (ironic 反语) So he thinks it's easy, does he? I'd like to see him try! ie He would find it difficult. 那么说他认为很容易, 是吗? 我倒想让他试一试! (他就知道难了.) =>Usage at want1 用法见want1.
4 [Tn] (infml 口) (of food) not suit sb's health (指食物)对某人的健康不宜
*I like lobster but it doesn't like me. 我喜欢吃龙虾, 但吃了身体不适.
5 (idm 习语) if you `like (used as a polite form of agreement or suggestion 作表示同意或建议的礼貌用语)
*`Shall we stop now?' `If you like.' `我们现在停下来吧?'`听你的.'
* If you like, we could go out this evening. 你要是愿意的话, 咱们今天晚上出去. I like his `nerve, `cheek, etc (ironic 反语) (used as an exclamation to complain that sb's behaviour is too impudent 作对某人行为卤莽无礼的感叹语)
*`She has written to demand an apology.' `I like her nerve!' `她已写信要求给她道歉.'`她还真做得出来!' I like `that! (ironic 反语) (used to protest that sth that has been said is untrue or unfair 用以表示对言语不实或不当的反感)
*`She called you a cheat.' `Well, I like that!' `她说你是骗子.'` , 亏她说得出口!' like the look/sound of sb/sth be favourably impressed by what one has seen of/heard about sb/sth 对有关某人[某事物]的所见所闻有好印象
*I like the look of your new assistant she should do very well. 我看你的新助手不错--她看样子很能干.
* I don't like the sound of that cough oughtn't you to see a doctor? 我觉得你的咳嗽声有问题--是不是该找医生看看? that's what `I'd like to know (infml 口) (used to express disbelief, suspicion, etc 用以表示不相信、怀疑等)
*Where's all the money coming from? That's what I'd like to know. 这些钱都是从哪儿来的? 真叫人纳闷儿.

NOTE ON USAGE 用法
*Note these ways of using Would you like? 注意Would you like?的下列用法
*
1 `Would you like to come to dinner tomorrow?' `Yes, thank you.' (invitation) `您明天来吃饭好吗?'`好哇, 谢谢您.'(表示邀请).
2 `Would you like to clear the table?' `Okay.' (request) `请你收拾桌子行吗?'`行.'(表示请求). Sometimes the speaker uses pattern
2 in order to make a complaint 有时用上述第2种方式表示不满
*`Would you like to turn that music down?' `Yes, sorry.' `请把音乐声放小些行吗?'`可以, 对不起.'

/laɪk; laɪk/
prep
1 similar to (sb/sth); resembling 像(某人[某事物]); 类似; 相似
*wearing a hat like mine 戴着与我那顶一样的帽子
* a house built like an Indian palace 建造得像印度宫殿一样的宅邸
* I've always wanted a garden like theirs. 我总想有一座像他们那样的花园.
* I'm going to be a pop star like Michael Jackson. 我要当像迈克尔·杰克逊那样的流行歌星.
* He's like his father, ie in character or looks. 他像他的父亲.
* She looks a bit like the Queen. 她长得有点像女王.
* That sounds like (ie I think I can hear) the postman. 听声音像是邮递员.
2 characteristic of (sb/sth) 有(某人[某事物])的特点
*It's just like her to tell everyone about it. 只有她才会把那件事见谁就告诉谁.
3 in the manner of (sb/sth); to the same degree as 像(某人[某事物])一样
*chatter like monkeys 像猴子那样吵叫
* behave like children 表现像孩子
* run like the wind, ie very fast 跑得快如风. =>Usage at as 用法见as.
4 for example 例如; 比方
*We could look at some modern poets, like Eliot and Hughes. 我们可以考虑一下现代诗人, 例如艾略特和休斯.
* Practical lessons, like woodwork and cookery, are not considered as important as maths. 一般认为像木工和烹饪之类的实用课程不如数学重要.
5 (idm 习语) like `anything (infml 口) very fast, hard, much, etc 很快; 很努力; 很; 非常
*I had to run like anything to catch the bus. 我只好拚命跑去赶公共汽车.
* We must work like anything to finish on time. 我们必须全力以赴按时完成.

conj (infml 口)
1 in the same manner as 像...那样
*No one sings the blues like she did. 唱布鲁斯歌谁也比不上她.
* Don't think you can learn grammatical rules like you learn multiplication tables. 不能像记乘法表那样记语法规则.
2 (esp US) as if 彷佛; 好像
*She acts like she owns the place, ie is very bossy. 她很霸道, 就好像那地方都是她的.

/laɪk; laɪk/
adj
1 having some or all of the qualities or features of; similar 相似的; 相同的
*They're not twins, but they're very like. 他们俩虽非双胞胎, 却十分相像.
* Like causes tend to produce like results. 类似的原因往往产生类似的结果.
* mice, rats and like creatures 小家鼠、大老鼠之类的动物.
2 (idm 习语) (as) ,like as two `peas/as ,peas in a `pod virtually identical 一模一样; 酷似.

adv (idm 习语) (as) ,like as `not; ,like enough; most/very `like (dated 旧) (quite/very) probably 大概; 很可能
*It'll rain this afternoon, as like as not. 今天下午很可能要下雨.

n
1 [sing] person or thing that is like another 相似的人或事物
*You should only compare like with like. 只应在同类事物中作比较.
* jazz, rock and the like, ie similar kinds of music 爵士乐、摇滚乐之类的乐曲
* a man whose like we shall not see again 我们再也不想看到的那种男人
* I've never seen the like of it! ie anything so strange, etc. 我从未见过这种事!
2 (idm 习语) the likes of sb/sth (infml 口) a similar person or thing 类似的人或物
*He's a bit of a snob won't speak to the likes of me. 他这个人有点势利--不会和我这样的人说话.