cad＝to fall（落下） 变化型 cid，cas
1 person who is killed or injured in war or in an accident （战争或事故中的）伤亡者
*Heavy casualties were reported (ie It was reported that many people had been killed) in the fighting. 据报战斗中伤亡惨重（很多人被杀）.
* (fig 比喻) Mr Jones was the first casualty of the firm's cut-backs, ie the first to lose his job because of them. 琼斯先生在公司裁员中首当其冲（第一个被裁掉）.
* [attrib 作定语] a casualty list 伤亡名单.
2 thing that is lost, damaged or destroyed in an accident 事故中损失的物品
*The cottage was a casualty of the forest fire. 那小屋被森林大火烧毁.
3 (also `casualty ward, `casualty department, US emergency) part of a hospital where people who have been hurt in accidents are taken for urgent treatment 急诊室.
[Date: 1400-1500; Language: Medieval Latin;Origin: casualitas 'chance, bad luck, loss', from Late Latin casualis; CASUAL]
someone who is hurt or killed in an accident or war
Our aim is to reduce road casualties .
thousands of civilian casualties (=people who are not soldiers who are injured or killed)
The rebels claim to have inflicted heavy casualties .
someone or something that suffers as a result of a particular event or situation
The Safer City Project is the latest casualty of financial cutbacks.
BrE the part of a hospital that people are taken to when they are hurt in an accident or suddenly become ill
American Equivalent: Emergency Roomin casualty
Rosemary ended up in casualty last night.