名词:establisher 动词过去式:established 过去分词:established 现在分词:establishing 第三人称单数:establishes
1 [Tn] set (sth) up on a firm or permanent basis 建立, 设立（某事物）
*This business was established in 1860. 这家公司成立于1860年.
* establish a close relationship with sb 与某人建立起密切的关系.
2 [Tn only passive 只用于被动语态, Tn.pr only passive 只用于被动语态, Cn.n/a] ~ sb/oneself (in sth) (as sth) place sb/oneself in a position, office, etc, usu on a permanent basis 使某人[自己]任职; 安置; 安顿
*We are now comfortably established in our new house. 我们现已在新居舒适地安顿下来了.
* He established himself as governor of the province. 他当上了省长.
* She's now firmly established (in business) as an art dealer. 她已稳固地奠定了艺术品商的地位.
3 [Tn, Tf, Tw] show (sth) to be true; prove 确定（某事物）; 证实
*We've established his innocence/(the fact) that he's innocent. 我们已证实他无罪.
* The police can't establish where he was at the time. 警方无法确定当时他在哪里.
4 [Tn, Cn.n/a] cause people to accept (a belief, custom, claim, etc) 使人接受（信仰、风俗、要求等）
*Established practices are difficult to change. 积习难改.
* His second novel established his fame as a writer. 他的第二部小说确立了他作家之名.
1300-1400; Language: Old French;Origin:
establir, from Latin
stabilire 'to make firm'
to start a company, organization, system, etc that is intended to exist or continue for a long time
= found The city of Boerne was established by German settlers in the 1840s. Our goal is to establish a new research centre in the North.
to begin a relationship with someone or a situation that will continueestablish relations/links/contact etc (with sb) Hungary established diplomatic relations with Chile in 1990. I wondered why he should bother to try and establish contact with me.
to find out facts that will prove that something is true The police must establish the facts of the case before proceeding.establish that The autopsy established that he had been murdered.establish whether/if I was never able to establish whether she was telling the truth.
to make people accept that you can do something, or that you have a particular qualityestablish yourself (as/in) He had three years in which to establish himself as Prime Minister. He'd already begun to establish quite a reputation as a journalist.
1. You should then establish your own individual aims. These are partly a matter of personal circumstances, partly a matter of psychology. 然后，你一定要建立起自己的目标。这里一方面是个所处的环境，另一方面是个心理学的问题。
2. London and New York had similar problems but were able eventually to establish an orderly and safe environment for their citizens. 伦敦和纽约曾有过类似的问题，但终于能够为它的市民建立了一个整洁、安全的环境。
3. I also plan to establish a charity fund here to help the poor. 我也打算要这里创立一个慈善基金以帮助那些穷人.
4. I also plan to establish a charity fund here to help the poor. 我也打算要这里创立一个慈善基金以帮助那些穷人.
5. It can take as long as eight days to rig up rope ladders and to establish supply bases before a descent can be made into a very deep cave. 有时需要花费整整8天时间来搭起绳梯，建立供应基地，然后才能到一个很深的洞穴里。
6. In no way discouraged, he insists the most important point to establish is that Imedeen actually works. 他毫不气馁，坚持说要确立的最重要的一点就是"伊美婷"实际上是有效的。